Paying Hefty Price for Being Transit Nation
    Energy is an integral part of human being. Energy in the form of oil and gas is carried through the means of pipelines from producing nation to its destination ultimately the market. Transit nations from where pipelines are passing have to bear the burnt of environment pollution, challenges the residents who are dislocated from their places to make way for the construction of these pipelines. The author says that the cost transit nations pay is much more than they earn from laying off of these cross-border pipelines.
    - Prof Jenik Radon

    Putting a TAB on Cost
    The costs in developing an oil field vary from project to project depending upon its nature of reservoir fluids and environment, this paper discusses some of the cost reduction and cost controlling strategies on developing gas field...
    - Dr M R Srinivasan


    Chemistry of Diagenetic Scale Formed Under Simulated Downhole Conditions
    This paper describes the chemistry of diagenetic materials formed in the laboratory under simulated downhole conditions by allowing the reaction between formation sand, a specific alumina-based proppant, and water at elevated temperature with time. Diagenetic materials so formed were identified under a microscope and analyzed using x-ray diffraction (XRD) for chemical composition.
    - Jajati Nanda and Ray Loghry

    SliPIPE - New Pipeline Expansion Concept
    This article highlights SliPIPE concept which is beneficial in the area where transporting oil and gas from highpressure and high temperature reservoirs through pipelines is difficult.
    - Chia Chor Yew

    Selection of Cooling Medium System on Offshore Process Platforms
    Exploring oil and gas from deep sea fields and harsher marine environment needs an offshore processing platform that is equipped with not only the processing facilities, but also supplemental facilities like utilities and living quarters. In order to export marketable products in the form of crude, condensate or gas, several processing operations are to be carried out, which require cooling. This article describes various options that are available for the purpose of cooling and the selection of an option which is most feasible economically as well as operation point of view.
    - Prajakta Desai and Vishal Pawar

    CSR: The Art of Giving
    CSR fund (Corporate Social Responsibility) is the medium through which companies can share some part of their profit with community of the area from where they operate. Under the 'Bill', it has been made mandatory to keep some part of companies’ income for the fund. This is the best way for corporates to serve people and take measures for minimizing ill effects of pollution.
    - Neetu Vinayek and Nidhi Agarwal

    Energy Commodities on Weak Trend Barring Natural Gas
    Barring natural gas, most other energy commodities witnessed weak price trend in the two months under review i.e. March and April. While NYMEX natural gas futures registered the maximum price rise of 24.58 percent in the two months on weather related demand and smaller than expected increase in weekly US gas supplies, on the other hand EUA futures prices on ICE-ECX platform fell by 36.04 percent on increasingly uncertainty over the future of carbon market.
    - Niteen M Jain and Nazir Ahmed Moulvi


    HSE Management of ONGC’s Mega MHN Project – Success Story by L&T
    This paper highlights the Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) Management System and its implementation during execution of MHN Process Platform and Living quarter Project, a project executed by L&T on EPIC basis for ONGC in Mumbai High North (MHN) field. All the critical, non routine and high risk activities were carried out safely during various phases of project along with the Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA) techniques, robust implementation of Permit to Work System and Job Safety Analysis (JSA).
    - Mohammed Shadab and Rohidas Chaskar

    Skin Effect Heating Systems for Kharyaga Field
    BARTEC delivered skin effect heating systems into the Kharyaga field. The tailor made solution provides engineering, calculation, design, supply, installation, commission, and supervision. The target was to assure frost protection and temperature maintaining at the long transfer pipe lines of the oil field in the oil-rich Nenets tundra.
    - Heinrich Fluch

    Solar-Powered Diaphragm Pumps Enhance Shale Gas Profitability
    India, the fourth-largest energy consumer in the world behind the United States, China and Japan, faces significant energy challenges that have forced it to examine alternate ways to meet its increasing energy demands. One method that continues to increase in popularity worldwide is the extraction of natural gas trapped witjhin shale formations below the Earth’s surface. The article talks about the new diaphragm pump technology which provides enhanced chemical injection solutions designed to optimise shale well production.
    - Tom O'Donnell and Ravi Prasad

    Taking Credit for Emergency Shutdown Devices in Relief System Sizing and Design
    In relief valves sizing, we do not take cognizance of any immediate actions taken by operators or by mitigating devices. However, in the design of overall flare systems to cope with common mode failures such as loss of power or cooling water, many experts these days support taking credit for emergency shutdown systems to reduce investment. While there is no objection, in principle, to such credit taking, its application in practice deserves careful scrutiny.
    - Ram K Goyal

    Blowout Prevention
    Between April and July 2010, an estimated 4.9 million barrels of crude oil gushed from the damaged Macondo well into the Gulf of Mexico following the explosion that destroyed the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig. This was, according to President Obama, the worst environmental disaster America had ever faced. The response to the Deepwater Horizon disaster has spurred an innovative solution, reports Jason Knights.
    - Jason Knights

    The Case for Interlocking Pig Launchers and Receivers on Offshore Platforms
    Pigging operations are inherently dangerous. Opening a pig trap closure while there is pressure in the barrel can shoot the pig out of the launcher at high speeds. Attempting to pass a pig through a partially open outlet valve, or prematurely opening the pig trap in the presence of high levels of toxic H2S, can have fatal consequences. The article details the case for interlocking pig launchers and receivers on offshore platforms.
    - Lakshmanan Venkateswaran

    Strive for LIFE Campaign - Focus on Class-1 Risk
    In recent years there has been a realization that the reliability of complex work systems in achieving operational goals safely depends on social structures as well as technical arrangements. A string of high profile disasters over the past two decades has indicated the role that social and organisational issues played in the etiology of these accidents. The article discusses HSE culture, HSE management practices and HSE performance in offshore construction environment.
    - Dr Zafar Khan

    How to Stay Healthy Offshore
    There has been considerable progress in industrial hygiene issues in offshore environments in recent years. There are many benefits to assessing the risks related to offshore, and developing a well-considered plan of action to manage those risks. The white paper, written in consultation with Dr Jas Singh, Golder Associates’ Hawaii-based health & safety consultant, discusses how one can stay healthy offshore.
    - Joerg Fitzek

    Robust HSE Practices in LNG Value Chain is the Key to its Stellar Performance
    LNG has been handled safely for many years and the industry has maintained an enviable safety record. Engineering & design and increasing security measures are constantly improved to ensure the safety and security of LNG facilities and ships. The article details this, and more.
    - Dr M R Srinivasan

    Different Energy Commodities on Different Path
    The month of February 2013 saw different price movement for different energy commodities. While NYMEX crude oil futures registered the maximum price fall of 5.58 pe rcent on soft economic data and Italy’s inconclusive election results feeding concerns over Europe's economy, CER futures prices on ICE-ECX platform rose the most by a significant 107.69 per cent largely helped by compliance buying at extremely low price levels
    - Niteen M Jain and Nazir Moulvi

    Safety from the Ground Up
    In the light of ever-more-dangerous explorations in deep oceans and harsh climates, safety remains an increasinglyimportant issue, not just for the people involved but for the greater environment. While making a mistake might cause an injury, making the same mistake in different circumstances could result in billions of dollars worth of damage, both to a company’s reputation and to the environment. Here Dave Stout from global engineering services and bolting company Hydratight, reveals that safety is more than just what a company does: it has to be built into everything it is.
    - Dave Stout EMEAI

    Are You Safe Enough?
    Offshore operations is a highly specialized industry. In the past, failure to recognize and eliminate hazards associated within offshore operations has resulted in serious injuries, deaths, costly property damage, downtime and environmental impact. The strict regulatory and environmental requirements have led to additional operational complexities and challenges.
    - Amit K Aglave


    Unconventional Hydrocarbon Can Play a Big Role in Securing India's Energy Security
    The unconventional hydrocarbon resource CBM (Coal Bed Methane) can play a complimentary role in meeting energy needs in India. CBM availability is marginal as of now, compared with the total energy demand in the country, says Prashant Modi, Managing Director, Great Eastern Energy Corporation Ltd (GEECL). The awareness of gas use as an alternative to using costly and dirty fuels is low in the country, and Modi sees this as a challenge.
    - Prashant Modi, Managing Director, GEECL


    Shale Gas - The Indian Story
    The dramatic revolution in the hydrocarbon sector led by emergence of shale gas in USA has furthered the belief that the Earth has enough energy potential in its store and it is technology that is constraint.
    - Sudhir Vasudeva, Chairman and Managing Director, ONGC

    How best to repair the world's aging pipelines?
    There is no escaping the fact that many of the subsea pipelines around the world are reaching the end of their natural life. Indeed, some are probably already working beyond this point. The majority were brought in to service in the 1970s in places like Europe's North Sea and the 'Mumbai High' fields in India, and as such will need more rigorous maintenance in the coming years.
    - Paul Hughes, Global Subsea Market Leader, Hydratight


    Margins Define the Winner
    Indian refining industry has done exceedingly well in establishing itself as a major player globally. India is emerging as a refinery hub and refining capacity exceeds the demand. The last decade has seen a tremendous growth in the refining sector. Vinayak Pai, Managing Director, KBR Technology, India, talks about refining sector in country. Selection of crude and level of integration is the key to the refining margins, Pai highlights.
    - Vinayak Pai

    Towards a Global Industrial Stature
    For a nation that had lost much of its swagger in the past three years because of a steady flow of negative news, Moody's classification of India's sovereign credit rating, "stable" was undoubtedly a breath of fresh air. Moody's rating and Goldman Sachs's upgrade of Indian equities however cannot hide the fact that there are many interrelated problems, afflicting the Indian economy.
    - Pothen Paul

    Challenges in Offshore Platform Re-Vamp Projects Execution
    Majority of Oil and Gas production around the world are from matured fields which are in the process of depletion. Compared to ongoing Greenfield projects, revamp of existing facilities are more in numbers. Economic situations force the operators to exploit the possibilities of oil and gas recovery beyond the designed life. The article details the challenges encountered in the successful execution of Offshore Platform re-vamp projects.
    - Shiju Varghese

    Driver Options for Off shore Applications
    Offshore oil and gas production requires both electric and mechanical power for various applications. In general, the electricity is generated on the platform by gas turbine driven generators. Traditionally, gas turbines have also been the driver of choice for, compression and larger pump services. An alternate approach is, to use electric motor drivers for these applications. In this case, the power for the electric motor and the utility power is supplied by larger gas turbines used as a central power generation plant. This article discusses evaluation considerations to aid in decisions to go with either solution.
    - Rainer Kurz, Cynthia Sheya, Praveen Singhal

    Successful CDU/VDU Project Execution During MRPL Phase III Expansion
    Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL), a subsidiary of Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) operates a petroleum refinery at Mangalore, Karnataka. The Refinery has two existing Crude Distillation units with downstream Hydro-crackers and other refinery units.
    - C L Sankar Narayanan, N Seetaram Das

    Assorted Price Movement for Energy Commodities
    In the past two months (December 2012 to January 2013), supply concerns largely supported the price rise in crude oil and its derivates, in contrast the other energy commodities witnessed price fall albeit in varied proportion. Overall, in the aforementioned period, NYMEX crude oil futures registered the maximum price rise of 9.7 per cent, whereas, CER futures prices on ICE-ECX platform declined the most by a significant 80.6 per cent on rising uncertainty over the future of CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) and increasing supply glut.
    - Niteen M Jain, Nazir Ahmed Moulvi

    BARTEC Ensures Right Temperatures at EPC-2 Island Kashagan
    BARTEC has been awarded for the engineering, procurement and construction management of heat tracing on EPC-2 island of Kashagan project. For keeping the plant operating under the worst conditions, the target is to maintain a strategic pipe network. The case study details the advantages of the used parallel heating cables, PSB and HSB, the self-limiting property of which prevents overheating even when the cables are overlapped, and much more.
    - Eric Specht

    Global Monitoring of Marine Fuels and Machine Condition
    The new sulfur emission regulations for ocean going vessels present a serious challenge for the maritime industry. Lower sulfur contents in the fuel oil is likely to cause increased machine wear. Therefore timely, exact, and frequent measurements of the sulfur and wear metal concentrations on each vessel is desirable in order to avoid legal infractions, and unnecessary machine wear. This article presents the use of Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) for this purpose, combined with a GPS-based global reporting system that enables the fleet management to optimize also for bunkering and machine maintenance.
    - Helene S Gutman


    Drilling the Impossible into Possible Across the Local Boundaries
    It is known fact that there has been tremendous turmoil in the oil and gas sector the world over in the past few years, where the fluctuations in the crude prices have been all time high and the geopolitical issues have been on the rise, affecting the charter rates for rigs. Drilling contractors have not remained unaffected by these factors, but Jindal Drilling & Industries Limited (JDIL) has shown quite a sustainable performance and is sailing through the adverse phase quite promisingly, says Raghav Jindal, MD, JDIL in an interview with Offshore World.
    - Raghav Jindal, MD, Jindal Drilling & Industries Ltd

    Petrotech - The Prime Showcase of India's Hydrocarbon Sector
    India's flagship hydrocarbon event, Petrotech, has grown in stature over the years. It has today become an international biennial platform for the experts in the oil and gas industry to exchange views and share knowledge, expertise and experiences, says Dr R K Malhotra, Director (R&D), IndianOil and Chairman, Organising Committee, PETROTECH-2012.
    - Dr R K Malhotra, Director (R&D), IndianOil

    Information and Control that Meets Your Needs
    Rockwell's PlantPAx™ process automation system provides the technology and solutions to help you achieve a competitive advantage. In addition to delivering multi-disciplined functionality for maximum reach, PlantPAx also delivers adaptability to changing requirements. The system combines the company’s core process automation capabilities and technologies with those of clients to deliver an integrated control and information solution for customers, says Som Chakraborti, Director, Process Control Business, Rockwell Automation.
    - Som Chakraborti, Director, Process Control Business, Rockwell Automation


    Managing Large EPC Projects in India
    Rising challenges and competition of the Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) Industry in India is not hidden. The industrial scenario is not in favour for the larger EPC service providers due to various reasons, one of which is the limited number of projects available in India.
    - Dr Reinhart Vagel, Managing Director, Linde Engineering India

    Protect Your Investment, Increase Your Productivity
    Oil and Gas Operators work in a phase -wise approach to determine future investment criteria for development of hydrocarbon assets. This process has a defined methodology for analysing asset information and measuring the potential development against specific investment criteria. This approach includes five successive phases, namely Assessment (Concept), Selection (preFEED), Definition (FEED), Execution (Detailed design/ fabricate/commission) and Operation.
    - Gardiner Henderson, Global Director, Oil & Gas, Eaton Corporation

    Safeguarding Critical Infrastructure from Cyber Threats
    Shamoon is a deadly malware with highly destructive functionalities that can impact the organisation with huge losses of Intellectual Property (IP) and disruption of critical systems. The virus badly affected computer systems at Saudi Aramco and RasGas, the two major Oil & Gas companies in the Persian Gulf, with the attacks appearing to be deliberate attempts at sabotage on a massive scale.
    - Amitava Biswas, Country Head, Honeywell Process Solutions India


    Superior Project Management of ONGC's Mega MHN Project - A Feather in L&T's Cap
    Larsen & Toubro Limited, Mumbai (L&T) has been serving the Indian Offshore market since 1985. A journey is incomplete without a comrade, and L&T’s transition to a leading offshore EPC player in India would not have been what it is, had a particular name not figured in our client list – the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India. This paper describes highlights/challenges of executing Mega Process Complex Platform project on EPIC basis for ONGC in Mumbai High North field.
    - Devendra Awadhiya, Rupchand Lohana, Sandeep Badhe, Rudra Kumar

    Estimation of Hydrate Inhibitor Requirement (Methanol) by GPSA over HYSYS
    The amount of methanol required predicted by HYSYS is considerably higher than that by GPSA method. In the case study is discussed in detail the estimation calculation by GPSA over HYSYS prediction. The case study is about analysing the basis for the Methanol Injection Dosing Package capacity. It contains technical information which defines overall requirement, design data and design philosophies for this project.
    - Vipin Deshpande

    Analysing FPSO Topside Structures
    If you have ever had the chance to look over a Floating Production Storage Offloading (FPSO) vessel, then you can’t fail to be impressed by how much technology and equipment are placed into such a compact space. Topside Structures play prominent role in the functioning of floating production storage and offloading vessels. This article discusses how understanding the loads and design conditions which these structures are likely to encounter during their life cycle is essential for safe design and maintaining the equilibrium of the vessel.
    - G Sankara

    Overview of Project Finance
    Project Finance is a means of financing assets with limited or no recourse to the Sponsor. It relies on the future cash flow of a project as primary source of repayment, and holds the project's assets, rights and interests as collateral security. In this article, Vishal Gupta, VP Project Advisory & Structured Finance, SBI Capital Markets Limited addresses the topic of project finance from the perspective of a non-financial project manager/executive.
    - Vishal Gupta


    "Getting Into the Pipeline Business is a Priority for Oil India"
    In its five decade history, OIL India has been able to achieve a record production, and this has come through its increase in drilling efforts, making use of novel technologies and effective exploration in its areas of operation, says Sunil Kumar Srivastava, Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of Oil India Ltd (OIL). According to the CMD, the company has a strategy for 'selective diversification’, which will be related to the petroleum value chain such as City Gas, LNG, Refinery and Petrochemicals, unconventional hydrocarbons such as CBM, Shale Oil and Gas, Tight Oil and Gas and renewable energy like Wind and Solar.
    - Sunil Kumar Srivastava, Chairman and Managing Director, Oil India Ltd

    "Raniganj is Essar Oil's Flagship CBM Block"
    Iftikhar Nasir, CEO - E&P, Essar Energy Plc, brings forward the CBM scenario in the country, with particular focus on Raniganj CBM block, which he says is “Essar Oil's flagship CBM block". It's the only producing block at present, the other four CBM blocks of the company being in the preliminary exploration stage.
    - Iftikhar Nasir, CEO – E&P, Essar Energy Plc

    "Emerging Economies Hold an Important Place in Eaton's Global Growth Strategy"
    Gardiner Henderson, Global Director, Oil & Gas, Eaton Corporation, says that there is always a challenge of maintaining high-quality and uninterrupted power essential for offshore environments. According to him, India continues to remain one of the company's key focus markets for its significant potential to discover new Oil & Gas basins as majority of the country's sedimentary area is not yet explored.
    - Gardiner Henderson, Global Director, Oil & Gas, Eaton Corporation


    Indian Petroleum Industry - A Perception
    It appears we are through the best global supply period for petroleum and consequently derivative products and services. A number of sources suggest that the world oil production is falling short of demand by 4-5 million barrels per day. It is widely accepted that the crude oil production has reached "Undulating Plateau" at about 82 mbpd and will resist around this till 2020 before turning to an irreversible decline, while the demand will keep rising at the rate of two to three per cent. The widening gap of oil demand and supply will be filled up by non-conventional resources like, gas, oil shale, oil sands etc. and finally by coal.
    - Prof M C Dwivedi

    Royalty and Tax Model – A Win-Win Situation for the Government and Investors
    Exploration and Production licensing models have their own pros and cons, says Anupam Mathur, Executive Director and CEO, Tata Petrodyne Limited. Royalty and tax model is currently being adopted by many countries successfully for the model has its own advantages. With the increase in production, there is a built in incentive for both the government and the investors.
    - Anupam Mathur

    Pushing the Limit of Offshore Pipeline Thermal Insulation
    The need for high performance, robust and dependable products, has never been greater in the offshore industry, especially as it continues to move towards even more challenging applications. The thermal insulation of offshore pipelines, has an important role to play to ensure the smooth running of a facility and as such, is a key element of many offshore drilling projects. However, as budgets get leaner, fluids get warmer and water depths get deeper, can the sector keep up? I say "yes" and would argue that innovative synthetic rubber-based solutions not only address these concerns and provide a reliable alternative, but are the only true choice for offshore pipeline thermal insulation.
    - Grethe Hartviksen

    Demand for Service Providers to Surge
    The significant growth of India’s economy over the past decade has led to increase in domestic energy consumption. A strong growth in automobiles sector and increase in industrial activity has led to a sustained increase in oil consumption. Oil & Gas constitutes around 45 per cent of primary energy commercial mix. Energy security remains a challenge for India as India is significantly import dependent to meet its oil & gas requirement. The article details the scope of Hydrocarbon Service Providers in Indian Oil and Gas Industry.
    - Neetu Vinayek & Manish Baghla

    Empowering Offshore Facilities to Drive Integrated Operations Reliability
    Organisations in today's markets are much more global than they were fifteen or even ten years ago; therefore, it is less likely for a single company to influence their upstream or downstream market prices. They can however influence their individual operations through internal factors like cost reduction, improved efficiencies and enhanced reliability that immensely increase safety and profitability of the plant. Reliability initiatives allow them to make improvements within the boundaries of their plants; where they have the most influence.
    - Pankaj Deshmukh

    A Reliable Mooring and Production Solution
    Tri-Catenary mooring systems are proving to be a flexible and effective station-keeping, production system for mooring FPSO vessels and floating storage tankers in marginal fields in water depths from ultra-shallow water to ultra-deepwater, reports Doug Davidson, General Manager, Mooring Systems Ltd.
    - Doug Davidson

    Camcon's Biggest Challenge is to Encourage the Operators to Embrace a New Technology Solution
    Camcon Oil is a provider of innovative solutions to the oil & gas industry which is meeting the challenge of enhanced oil recovery head-on. As a direct result of feedback from the industry, the company has evolved its business strategy to full product development and now has its first Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) tool ready for deployment. The company is addressing the challenges of oil recovery lift through a new Digital Intelligent Artificial Lift (DIAL) solution, with the name APOLLO.
    - Sneha Sinha

    'On-Bottom Stability' Analysis of Offshore Structure
    The On-Bottom Stability (OBS) is an analysis performed to examine jacket stability when it is first placed on the seabed; that is, at 'no-pile' condition. It is important to ensure that the jacket responds to the environmental loads in a stable manner during initial placement and at critical piling sequences. Mudmat acts as jacket's temporary foundation at this crucial phase. The main concern of OBS analysis is uncertainty of soil bearing capacity. Failure may occur due to overturning moment, sliding, or end bearing failure. The OBS analysis should result in adequate safety factor to limit/ contain the three failure modes. The article presents in a nutshell the theoretical and practical aspects of OBS.
    - Cdr Balakrishnan G Nair

    Most Energy Commodities on North-Bound Trail
    Expectations of monetary easing by various central banks, especially US Federal Reserve, to stimulate the economy bolstered the demand sentiments of most energy commodities from mid-July to August. However during the period, for commodity specific fundamentals, certain energy commodities such as natural gas and CER (Certifi ed Emission Reduction) witnessed decline in prices.
    - Niteen M Jain & Nazir Ahmed Moulvi

    Solutions Addressing Data Explosion
    As the amount of available data grows, managing the information becomes difficult, and this can lead to data overload or explosion. In the scenario, Information Management (IM) – a process to identify, plan, create, manage, share and maintain data, which an enterprise must have as the Master Data – becomes imperative. IM offers the enterprise a single version of the truth. A clearly defined master data is a must in order for the enterprise to avoid the risk of having multiple copies of data inconsistent with one another.
    - Mihir Gandhi, Amit Kumar, Swagata Chatterjee & Ajay Singh

    Tool to Manage Hazardous Areas
    Electrical equipment meant for hazardous areas has to be explosion protected and certified for the designated area. Problems arise when specialised equipment certified for the area is unavailable. The article talks about the solutions when problems like these erupt. Also is discussed here the methods of monitoring the hazardous areas and the conditions under which they work.
    - Joerg Fitzek


    "This is a Defining Year for Us"
    D Rajkumar, Managing Director & CEO, Bharat PetroResources Limited (BPRL), discusses the company’s successful venture into the upstream business, the challenges the sector is infested with, the biggest and recent Mozambique discovery, their exploratory activities for shale gas in Australia, and more, in an exclusive interview with Mittravinda Ranjan and Sneha Sinha... - D Rajkumar, Managing Director & CEO, BPRL

    Need of the Hour: Infrastructure Development
    Indian government has earmarked USD 5 billion in the pipeline & terminal sector in the Hydrocarbon Vision 2025, to meet the countr y’s growing energy demand. However, realizing this would require the government to have prudent and pragmatic approach for the development of infrastructure in the hydrocarbon space. Amit Gupta, CEO, Pipelines & Terminals, Essar Projects, shares his views on the bottlenecks in execution of building onshore hydrocarbon industr y infrastructure and some of the key projects in an exclusive interaction with Offshore World... - Amit Gupta, CEO, Pipelines & Terminals, Essar Projects

    Afcons: A Potential Player in Offshore Oil and Gas Sector
    Afcons has remarkably performed well with the completion of MHSR-II (A) ICPR Process Platform Project for ONGC, 2.5 KM long pipeline across the Thane creek for HPCL and NOCIL, initiating the development of Oil & Gas Fabrication Yard at Mahua, Gujarat, and acquiring many prestigious EPC projects. Pramod Kumar Johri, Director – Oil and Gas, Afcons Infrastructure, talks about Afcons’s potential, its approach to handle oil and gas activities, and more, in an exclusive interview with Sneha Sinha and Harshal Y Desai... - Pramod Kumar Johri, Director – Oil and Gas, Afcons Infrastructure


    Middle East-India Deep Sea Gas Super Highway
    Natural gas as a primar y source of energy is ushering in a new era as the world's oil reserves are depleting against rising demand for energy. Environmental compulsions need cleaner fuels like natural gas. Energy hungry India needs reliable and long term supplies of energy and the Gulf is the natural source for India, both geographically and economically. The Middle East possesses one third of proven reserves of world’s natural gas but accounts for only a fraction of world's consumption...
    - T N Rao, Former Secretary to Govt of India, MoPNG & Chairman, South Asia Gas Enterprise

    Designing State of the Art Terminals
    Marketing Storage Terminals are crucial for any oil and gas company or refinery as they store products, which are to be marketed to direct or indirect customers. If not managed with proper plan or strategies, these terminals can affect the overall business of an organisation. The article not only highlights the significance of design and construction of storage terminals for oil, gas and petrochemical companies, but also brings issues like minimising risk of accidents, quality of product mix, need of transportation, safety etc to light...
    - Shriram Hemant

    An Irretrievable Slave
    USA consumes 935 MMTPA oil of which motor spirit alone is 438 MMTPA (or approximately three times India consumes). In US there are 800 vehicles per 1000 people whereas in India or China there are about 50-60 vehicles...
    - B K Bhaskararao and B Sudhakar

    Advanced Solutions in Managing Petroleum Product Distribution
    Smooth distribution of petroleum products can be streamlined with effective Supply Chain Management (SCM) strategies. However, smooth distribution of petroleum products is not the only purpose of integrating good SCM activities, but it also ensures several advantages such as reduced Crude Cost, Optimum Crude Mix, Minimum Crude Rate, Least Operation Cost, etc. The article provides an insight into the complex Supply Chain Management process, which is extremely crucial for oil and gas companies...
    - Sundar Venkataraman

    Optimisation of Natural Gas Processing Facility
    Conceptualisation and firming up of process scheme are of paramount importance in the natural gas processing facility. Process engineers should carefully analyse all the parameters i.e. production profile, composition of well fluid, desired end product quality and then conceptualise the overall scheme by carrying out process simulation. The article tends to demonstrate the importance of these things such as conceptualisation, selection of optimum scheme and process simulation using the case study...
    - Vishal Pawar and Vishal Shah

    Price Movement for Energy Commodities
    In past two months, persisting doubts on global economic growth continued to put pressure on major energy commodity prices such as crude oil, its derivates (heating oil and gasoline) and others. On the other hand, commodity specific fundamentals propped up prices of certain energy commodities such as natural gas and European Union Allowances (EUA)...
    - Niteen M Jain and Nazir Ahmed Moulvi

    Ship-to-Ship Transfer of Hydrocarbon Products
    A huge quantum of crude oil in the country is derived from foreign lands and are imported in Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCCs). These VLCCs require deep drafted ports. Lightering becomes imperative as the operation reduces a vessel’s draft for it to be able to enter port facilities, which cannot accept very large ocean-going vessels. The article details this, and more of interesting facts about lightering...
    - Capt D N Banerjee

    Planning for Emergencies
    The tragedy of the Deepwater Horizon brought about many important findings, but none with greater impact than that of public opinion. Never before had an event been quite so glaringly in the spotlight, taking public scrutiny to a new level. A ship within sight of the stricken rig made the first public reports and details and pictures were online within hours - a level of interest that continued until the spillage was finally capped, many weeks later...
    - Paul Hughes

    Reducing the Total Cost of Ownership
    It is no secret that energy producers rely heavily on the performance of their natural gas engines. Simply stated, if these paramount machines are not running, the profit margins can be quickly drained. It’s imperative for energy producers to develop and implement lean manufacturing strategies to meet their production targets and remain competitive. The article details the factors that operation and maintenance managers should consider to maximise the return on their investment in a natural gas engine...
    - Shankar Karnik

    Addressing the Gaps Through Integrated Industrial Modules
    Challenges in the oil and gas industry are enormous. An effective way to deal with these challenges is through modularisation of the plant and equipment needed to pump and compress oil and gas. Modular solutions help increasing efficiency, reliability and power in restrictive areas where there are attractive hydrocarbons prospects...
    - Davide Iannucci

    Offshore Supply Chain – Managing Variability
    Upstream oil and gas industry is not yet known for its supply chain practices. However, the industry, increasingly pushed to explore deeper and challenging waters to find more discoveries, is certainly waking up to the needs of optimising its supply chain as it enters into riskier terrain and requires higher capital investments and requires better working capitals...
    - Dinesh Divakaran

    Tax Implications for Offshore Service Providers
    The Indian domestic tax law contains a special tax regime in section 44BB of the Income-tax Act for non-resident service provider engaged in the business of providing services or facilities in connection with prospecting for, exploration or production of mineral oils. The authors delve over the amendments made to the section 44B in 2010...
    - Neetu Vinayek and Neetu Singh

    Transition in Natural Gas Metering
    Introductory concepts for the measurement of natural gas using the principle of pulse transit time measurement are discussed in this white paper. Diagnostics typical to multipath transit time meters using ultrasonic pulses are also described, along with multipath arrangements and transducer types. Guidance is provided for the proper application, installation and condition-based monitoring of ultrasonic meters to assure continued measurement integrity...
    - Dr Achim Zajc

    India Offers Significant Investment Opportunities in Hydrocarbon Value Chain- Minister
    In order to discuss various prospects and challenges that exist in the Indian Oil and Gas sector, ASSOCHAM successfully organized the 15th Energy Summit - Indian Oil & Gas Sector on 25th July 2012 in New Delhi. The Summit was designed to provide a balanced view of the opportunities in upstream, refinery, oil field services, and the prospect of cooperation in joint R&D in developing cutting edge technologies...


    Low Cost Operations are Key to Success
    In the wake of unsuccessful oil and gas explorations activities and low oil prices in the country, it has become a herculean task for E&P companies to maintain profits. Though India is abundant with oil and gas reserves, exploration and production remains a challenge. In such a situation low cost operation and constant efforts to maximize production can give a boost to E&P companies, says Rahul Dhir, CEO and MD of Cairn India... - Rahul Dhir, CMD, Cairn India


    Using Artificial Lift to Enhance Oil Recovery
    Growing energy demands and depleting natural resources around the world necessitate the use of various artificial lift techniques to enhance oil recovery. Any method that imparts energy to the fluid or reduces the opposing hydrostatic force to enhance the production or even enable wells that cannot flow naturally to flow is an artificial lift method...
    - Priyanka Thamma

    "Maximising Asset Value and Improving Recovery Factors" in Indian Brown Field Context
    Maximising Asset Value and improving recovery factors from Brown fields in the India context is not only desirable but also imperative due to the supply-demand scenario of oil and gas in our country. Revitalising these fields and improving production is an ongoing process and some of the enabling technologies along with their impact are discussed in the article...
    - Tapas Kumar Sengupta

    Integrated Automation Solutions for Advanced LNG Transportation
    Global demand for natural gas is growing faster than for oil and coal. This demand is estimated to exponentially grow till at least 2030. Demand growth is driven by the increasing number of nations strategically adopting environmentally cleaner fuels to meet future economic growth and prioritizing alternatives to minimize the impact of increasing oil based energy costs. With USA about to begin gas export and with large populated countries like China continuing to grow imports, we can expect substantial growth in LNG transportation business...
    - Shardul Sirsamkar

    Down-Hole Flow Monitoring with Distributed Sensing Systems
    The devil is, indeed, in the (interpretation) details. Presented here is an explanation of one robust interpretation method along with a brief description of the validation of using the appropriate model with distributed temperature sensing data to calculate zonal production rates...
    - Dennis Dria

    Belly Spar - An Ultra Deep Water Solution
    Aker Solutions' Belly Spar is an exclusive new Spar platform design. Through the FEED contract for the Spar substructure at the Aasta Hansteen field in the Norwegian Sea, awarded by Statoil, this ultra deepwater solution will be technically verified. The Aasta Hansteen Spar platform will hold several records, including the world's largest Spar platform and the first with condensate storage capacity...
    - Henrik Hannus

    Most Energy Commodities Sans Natural Gas Catch Downtrend
    Optimism on global economic recovery built through the month of April waned quickly on election results in Europe, thus pushing down energy commodities prices in the first half of May 2012 except for natural gas. While gasoline futures prices on the NYMEX (CME) platform fell the most in the period under review i.e. since April 2012 till May 14 by 12.7 percent, on the other hand NYMEX natural gas futures prices rose by more than 14 percent during the same period...
    - Niteen M Jain, Nazir Ahmed Moulvi

    DBIMS: A Framework to Ensure Successful Oil & Gas Exploration and Production Business
    While executing oil and gas exploration and production business, it is extremely significant to organise the information in a systematic manner. Further, the accessibility of the information when needed is equally crucial. A Drilling Business Information Management System (DBIMS) framework not only stores and provides the information or data when needed but performs a number of critical tasks such as analysing proper drilling applications and monitoring well engineering activities. DBIMS interconnects the entire drilling business by integrating information on planning, engineering, operations and processes...
    - Sumit Duttagupta

    Analysis Techniques to Measure Accurate Particle Size Distribution
    Selection of the proper sand size for a gravel pack completion can be one of the most important factors in completing an oil or gas well. The optimum size gravel, when placed around a properly sized screen, helps provide maximum productivity with reduced sand production...
    - Amit Agrawal, Jajati Nanda, Sumit Songire


    Integrated Subsea Automation Solutions
    Safety control capability is a primary area where Rockwell Automation adds tremendous value and credibility to the industry. The company has distinguished itself from the rest by having capabilities to meet all safety SIL levels of control for the industry. Around the world, the company is committed to putting their customers’ needs first. Robert Ninker, Regional Director, Solutions Business, Rockwell Automation Asia Pacific, talks about all this, and more, in an exclusive interview with Sneha Sinha... - Robert Ninker, Regional Director, Solutions Business, Rockwell Automation Asia Pacific


    Deciding Between an Onshore or Floating LNG Import Terminal
    The importation of LNG has traditionally been via onshore terminals located at the coast with deep water access. To date, 77 onshore terminals are in operation and a further 18 under construction. However in the last six years, 10 Floating Storage and Regasification Units (FSRUs) have been installed and seven more are under construction or sanctioned...
    - Huw Williams, Jiben Bhattacharyya, Brian Songhurst

    SEEPFINDER & GRAVEX – New Airborne Systems in the Technology Tool Box
    After the Second World War, as the oil industry took stock of its position, logic suggested that as 3/4 of the earth's surface was water, then a lot of oil must be underwater. Offshore oil exploration and production was needed...
    - Timothy R Bodger

    Performance Enhancements in Suspension Characteristics of Borate Crosslinkers
    Borate crosslinked gel systems have been extensively used in the petroleum industry for Fracturing and FracPac applications. Typically, borate minerals are sparingly soluble in water or in hydrocarbons like diesel. For operational feasibility, the borate based crosslinkers are introduced as a suspension in an aqueous or hydrocarbon based carrier fluid...
    - Rajendra Kalgaonkar, Prajakta Patil, Jajati Nanda, Nisha Pandya

    Repairing Subsea Pipelines Without Welding
    Many of the world’s oil pipelines and platforms are approaching the end of their designed life. Repairs are likely to take up an increasing percentage of maintenance budgets in the near future. But how best to make those repairs? Here we put the case for mechanical connectors rather than welds. Many of the world’s oil pipelines and platforms, from Europe's North Sea to India's 'Mumbai High' field in the Gulf of Khambhat, were brought into service in the 1970s and are now approaching - and in some cases have already gone beyond - their intended life...
    - Paul Hughes

    Technical, Commercial and Operational Challenges of Subsea Architecture
    The energy consumption in the last twenty years has grown significantly and it has been predicted that it will continue to grow exponentially. Increase in population and the purchasing power of individuals is leading to diversified usage of energy, which contributes to the high-energy consumption year on year. Research has proved that the energy demands for next ten to twenty years will be fulfilled by oil and natural gas...
    - Santosh Kulkarni

    An Attractive Technology for Improving Drilling Performance
    The demand for energy resources is pushing the oil industry to more challenging environments such as HPHT, Deep Water, and Narrow Pressure Window environments. These challenging environments leave no other options to the Industry but to look for more technologies to improve safety and the engineering efficiency. Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD) has become a very attractive technology, offering a considerable amount of tangible benefits to improve the drilling performance and increase safety in offshore drilling projects...
    - German Marin

    Outokumpu Specialty Steels - The Answer to Harsh Environments
    As a global stainless steel supplier and leader in specialty stainless steels, Outokumpu has over the decades acquired unique expertise across the oil & gas extraction chain. This expertise is offered to India’s oil & gas sector as it picks up momentum. The oil & gas industry must weather tough conditions. This is not so much due to oil itself, which is not corrosive, but rather due to the highly corrosive environments involved in its production...
    - Yatinder Suri

    The Continuing Development of Nickel Based Alloys in Offshore Applications
    The 'easy to extract' era of Oil and Gas extraction is long gone and with it the continuing use of low-cost materials of construction. Whilst many of the sweet reservoirs are being depleted, lower grade steels of one variety or another are continuing to be specified as conservative engineering practices persist. We have entered a new era of deep, hot and sour gas reservoirs which has created an increasing demand for high alloy materials like Inconel® 625 and others.
    - Neville Thomas

    India Offers Favourable Investment Climate for Upstream Sector
    The Indian oil and gas sector is one of the core industries of the country with significant forward linkage with the economy. It has been instrumental in fuelling the growth of economy and committed to accelerate the momentum which nation wants to achieve...
    - Neetu Vinayek

    Supporting Oil Exploration - Need of the Hour
    The price of crude oil is set on a world marketplace where supply and demand are in precarious balance. The modern world today relies on a vast energy supply to fuel everything from transportation to communication, to security and health delivery systems...
    - Debojyoti Dey, Niteen Jain, Nazir Ahmed Moulvi

    A Frontrunner in Professional Recruitment Solutions
    Mammen Varghese, Chairman - Jerry Varghese Group of Companies, believes that people are the most important asset of an organisation. According to him, an ideal recruiter for the energy industry is an engineer with a right level of experience in both the recruitment as well as upstream business, but this combination is not easy to acquire, and herein lies the challenge in the recruitment profession...
    - Mammen Varghese


    "In Search of Elephants"
    Sudhir Vasudeva, Chairman & Managing Director, ONGC, discusses the need to priorities the actions for India to ensure energy security. He explains the necessity of technology intensive application in know as well as frontier basins and emphasises on the need of approprite infrastructure, non-conventional sourses and securing LNG supplies. In an exclusive interview with Mittravinda Ranjan, he says, "There is nothing more economical then exploiting a big discovery.".. - Sudhir Vasudeva, Chairman & MD, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation

    Establishing Global Linkages
    R K Mehra, Executive Director, International Trade, Shipping and Risk Management, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL), has over three decades of experience which encompasses key businesses of one of the largest Indian oil marketing companies. He finds the current assignment most challenging in his entire career span due to ever-changing dynamics of the industry. In an exclusive interview with Mittravinda Ranjan he shares his opinion on India’s moves towards energy security and BPCL’s growth strategy... - R K Mehra, ED, International Trade, Shipping & Risk Management, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd

    "Unlike India, Middle East is more confident of EPC approach"
    "The perceived role of Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contractors in grass-root projects in the present times has seemingly expanded much more beyond the technical scope," says Ram Kishore Iruwanti, Managing Director, Technip KT India. He shares the ingredients to dish out perfect recipe for successful project execution and sees trust, wide vendor base, strong inspection and expediting teams and modern tools as the strong pillars to be successful in the business of this high risk business. He shares his views on the magnitude of opportunities available for the EPC players in the Indian market and company’s road map for the coming years... - Ram Kishore Iruvanti, MD, Technip KT India

    Looking Beyond the Boundaries
    From 9th largest in 2010, India is poised to balloon in size and become 5th largest global economy according to economic commentators. For the rapidly growing country of India's size, the energy needs are going to grow enormously. Anupam Mathur, Executive Director & CEO, Tata Petrodyne Ltd (TPL), talks about the company's inorganic growth and impresses on the urgent need to invest into overseas assets to meet the country’s ever growing requirement... - Anupam Mathur, ED & CEO, Tata Petrodyne Ltd

    "Gearing Up for the Trillion Dollar Market"
    Commodore P C B Nair, Managing Director and CEO, Essar Offshore Subsea Ltd (EOSSL) shares his views on risks and opportunities in project execution in the cost intensive offshore industry. He discusses EOSSL’s focus on Indian and Indonesian markets and plans to establish them in fast developing trillion -dollar deep sea market... - Commodore P C B Nair, MD & CEO, Essar Offshore Subsea Ltd


    Corporate Social Responsibility – Key to Sustainable Growth
    With events such as the BP-Horizon Gulf of Mexico oil spill and the Fukushima radiation leak in Japan the public image of the energy industry has suffered yet another set back. The industry is fully cognizant of its role as a responsible corporate citizen in the pursuit of sustainable growth in this sector. The key is to develop almost absolute mutual trust amongst all stakeholders, thus creating a harmony of purpose towards common national goals and aspirations...
    - Abdul Jabbar Abdul Karim & Ram K Goyal

    Mineralogical Composition of Carbonate Cores Using XRD and TGA
    The exact mineralogical composition of a carbonate formation is of high importance for well treatment design. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis based on Rietveld methods and the external standard methods have been widely used to determine the mineralogical compositions of the samples...
    - JaJati Nanda, Omprakash Pal & Ray Loghry

    Personnel Management - An Investment in Valuable Asset
    This topic has been deliberated time and again. Being one of his favorite subjects the author is glad to share some views with the readers. The author firmly believes in the philosophy, "Success of any organisation is governed by the people" and hence it is imperative that management and development of employees should be regarded as investing in a valuable asset...
    - Capt Sandeep Kalia

    Tailor Made Stainless Solutions for Chemical Tankers...
    When moving precious cargo there is no substitute for stainless steel to getting the most from your chemical tankers and their design. That's why we are with you every step of the way, providing you with world-class stainless steel and technical know-how and support, so that you can manufacture vessels that are ever lighter, stronger and easier to clean

    A Business Driver & not a Modern Day Paranoid
    HSE culture in India is similar to that as seen in other developing nations across the globe. Business in India has evolved greatly and any one working in the country needs to come a long way to achieve success in the field of HSE. The key to developing this HSE culture in Indian operations is developing HSE leaders from amongst our work teams and employees...
    - Zafar Khan

    Coal Bed Methane - Current Status and Development in India
    The Oil & Gas Industry relies on information and collaborative technology among its diverse stakeholders to meet its business goals. The industry recognises that to manage future Oil & Gas developments and also to ensure effective production of existing reserves, it is essential to integrate and connect business processes, geographies, and organisations...
    - Amol Kotwal

    Coal Bed Methane - Current Status and Development in India
    Various natural and industrial processes, including decomposition of organic material, animal waste products, and industrial emissions, lead to the production of methane. Coal Bed Methane (CBM) refers to methane that is produced in association with coal – during the process of coalification. CBM is formed through organic decomposition, and it adheres to many surfaces of coal until it is released through natural or man-made processes...
    - Amol Kotwal

    Cost-Effective Approach for Liftboat Design
    Liftboats are the preferred vessel for most shallow water jobs in the United States Gulf of Mexico (GOM), where there are about 200 such vessels. Some have referred to liftboats as jack-up barges, lift barges, jack-boats. But a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. So, outside the US-GOM, why are they virtually unknown? This article will address the overall features of a liftboat, its uses, and address the question – why have they been unknown outside the US-GOM...
    - Ronald E Sanders

    Role of Markets in Promoting Energy Security in India
    India is a net importer of crude oil, importing over two-third of its requirement. Nearly two-thirds of the country’s imports are met from Middle East Countries, a situation which has hardly changed over the last decade. During this period, the fuel mix of the country has also remained fairly the same. Subsidies on fossil fuel are disincentivising optimal change in fuel mix consumption...
    - Niteen Jain & Nazir Ahmed Moulvi

    Offshore Structural Modelling, Design and Information Management Software
    Tekla's technology creates new opportunities for the offshore construction industry. Tekla Structures, the most advanced Building Information Modelling (BIM) software in the market, provides an accurate, dynamic, and data-rich 3D environment that can be shared by offshore contractors, structural engineers, steel detailers and fabricators, as well as concrete detailers and manufacturers...
    - Chandra Shekar

    A Practical 'Live' Migration Strategy for Upgrading Safety Systems
    Recent events in the oil and gas industry have substantially increased interest in maintaining the highest standards of safety at all times. Oil and gas producers and the operators who manage their production facilities demand the highest level of safety in order to protect personnel, the environment and production assets while maintaining maximum uptime and minimal operational disruption...
    - Adam Howard

    Mentoring in Oilfields - The Crucible of Learning
    The Train stopped at a non-descript railway station in the midst of wilderness. You got down and look around and found only rice fields all around and cows grazing and no sight of mankind. One started thinking...hey...where have I landed up after obtaining an engineering degree in one of the premier institutes of the country.... and, then, that ubiquitous Jeep lurked up at the corner – written on its rusty bonnet 'for drill site'...
    - Aniruddha Patnaik

    UPSTREAM DATA INSIGHT: Transforming Information into Knowledge
    The Oil & Gas Industry relies on information and collaborative technology among its diverse stakeholders to meet its business goals. The industry recognises that to manage future Oil & Gas developments and also to ensure effective production of existing reserves, it is essential to integrate and connect business processes, geographies, and organisations...
    - Sumit Duttagupta, Anindya Chatterjee & Subodh Mendhurwar

    Africa Emerging as a Major Hydrocarbon Hub
    Hydrocarbon discoveries are being announced in Egypt, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Uganda, Angola, Gabon, Ghana, Cameroon, Mozambique, Chad, Cote D'Ivoire, etc. Over the next ten years, Western and Southern Africa are perceived to be the fastest growing regions for oil and gas. There are more than 30 international oil companies and foreign national oil companies (NOCs) operating in Africa today, to cash in on these opportunities...


    Unlocking the Hidden Potential
    Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has approved investment of about 26,000 crores to monetise the marginal fields that were discovered in offshore so far. As the international crude prices were quite low these were uneconomical. The hydrocarbon major accounts for almost 79 per cent of India's crude oil and 54 per cent of natural gas production. ONGC has monetised 50 marginal fields and plans to monetise remaining fields expeditiously to meet the burgeoning domestic demand of oil and gas. J G Chaturvedi, Executive Director - Chief, New & Marginal Field Development, ONGC says that this stems from the steep rise in energy prices and indigenous demand. He sees this as the way forward in the years to come and says, “These will contribute significantly to meet the supplies of almost 3-4 MMT oil per annum in the country in the years to come”. In an exclusive interview with Mittravinda Ranjan he elucidates on the various production strategies and the challenges to unlock the potential of these hidden assets... - J G Chaturvedi, Executive Director - Chief, New & Marginal Field Development, ONGC


    Selection of Tank & Roof for Storing Hydrocarbons
    Strorage Tanks are an integral part of Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Industry. These come in various hues and different roof designs. This article seeks to review the common types of stroge tanks and bring out the rationale behind the selection of type of tank as well as type of roof...
    - M M Sunilkumar

    Cost Effective Approach for Liftboat Design
    Liftboats are the preferred vessel for most shallow water jobs in the United States Gulf of Mexico (GOM), where there are about 200 such vessels. So, outside the US-GOM, why are they virtually unknown? This article will address the overall features of a liftboat, its uses, and address the question - why have they been unknown outside the US-GOM...
    - Ronald E Sanders

    Fiber Optic Technology to Secuure Pippeline Assets for Hydrocarbon Industry
    As new methods for oil and gas extraction are being implemented, previously untapped petroleum reserves are being utilised in remote locations the world over. A single incident can have devastating effects, causing death, property destruction, service interruptions, and environmental damage, and often costing the pipeline operator millions of dollars in financial losses...
    - David A Smith

    The Case for Joint Integrity Managemment
    With the opening of a new Indian HQ in Bangalore, globally-respected joint integrity and specialist machining company, Hydratight, is on a mission, to persuade the region’s chemical, oil and gas companies to tighten their procedures and increase their respect for the humble bolted flange. The company's top expert on joint integrity, Paul Holland, explains why...
    - Paul Holland

    Pipeline Coatings Maintenance Tips for a Successful Project
    With thousands of pipelines spanning across the planet, transporting precious materials from petroleum to potable water, chemicals to natural gas; a comprehensive maintenance programme for pipeline systems is more important than ever before. The article details top 'Ten Pipeline Coatings Maintenance Tips'...
    - Bruce Toews

    Apt Policy Environment - Key to Oil Exploration Investments
    The average price of oil scaled new highs during the past decade (2001-2010), much higher than the levels seen in the preceding 14 decades and double of that in the preceding decade of 1991-2000. As a result, suddenly strong interest has aroused in oil exploration globally. In this context, it becomes very much pertinent to study the behaviour of oil companies with regard to investments in oil exploration and factor that plays key role behind these investments - government policies...
    - Nazir Ahmed Moulvi & Niteen Jain

    Demand Spree
    Domestic natural gas production in India is about 120 million metric standard cubic metre per day (MMSCMD), as against a demand of around 189 MMSCMD. Currently, the country is importing 46.5 units of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). By the end of 12th Five Year Plan (2012-13 to 2016-17), the demand of natural gas is expected to grow over two-fold. As per the Oil Ministry's projections, from the current demand of natural gas of 189 units, the demand will increase to 473 units (in 2016-17). If we go by the projections, the overall demand would grow from 293 MMSCMD (in 2012-13) to 473 MMSCMD (in 2016-17) over the 12th plan period and from 494 MMSCMD (in 2017-18) to 606 MMSCMD(in 2021-22) over the 13th plan period...
    - Sneha Sinha


    Opportunities Galore for Oil and Gas Service Providers
    Strong economic growth in India has warranted a strong demand for oil and natural gas in the country. In the last five years (2005-2010), the primary energy consumption has increased by over 7.5 per cent CAGR as compared to global increase, of about 2.1 per cent CAGR1. The share of oil and natural gas in India's total primary energy demand is 40 per cent. The overall contribution and pace of growth of oil and natural gas provides a perspective on the importance of this segment to the Indian economy... - Sanjay Sah & Arpit Agarwal

    Piping Design for Deep Water FPSO Projects
    In the offshore piping design, deep water projects are playing a vital role in the recent years. Ever since the first pipeline was installed offshore, major developments are happening in deep waters. As the oil reserves are slowly getting depleted in shallow depths, major oil companies are exploring and investing in deep offshore projects, which are highly complex and very expensive when compared to fixed platforms functioning in shallow water depths. In early days of offshore industry, 80-100 metres water depth was considered as deep, but now floating production facilities are being installed in 1500-2000 meters water depth or more. As demand for fuel is growing every day, more and more deep water projects are lined up in the coming years...
    - HNS Sharma

    Mitigating Risks through Early Warning System
    Offshore platform design incorporates structural response to the natural dynamic loads generated by wind, ocean waves and earthquakes. Authors discuss the ways to minimise the earthquake related risks to the critical processes running on the offshore platform by using early warning systems...
    - Weir Jones

    Staying Connected
    A new generation of diverless subsea connectors has been developed by Aker Solutions, making the installation of subsea systems in deep water easier, faster and more reliable...
    - Endre Johansen

    Logic of Timing More Important than Speed to Improve Cash Flow
    Toyota introduced the concept of just-in-time inventory management to reduce its work in progress inventory to improve cash flow management. Author discusses the fondness he developed about this concept while pursuing his management which has helped him to look at the bigger picture beyond discounted cash flows from aggressive capital investment...
    - Vineet Sharma

    Right Solutions to Enhance Equipment Performance and Boost Productivity
    The demand for reliable energy continues to grow at a rapid pace around the world. Oil and gas being the major source for overall. global energy supplies, their producers, in order to meet the reliable energy demands, must proactively incorporate the right maintenance solutions to help enhance equipment availability, reliability. and safety. ExxonMobil Lubricants & Petroleum Specialties displays proactive maintenance mindset by setting the benchmark for developing advanced lubricant technologies that are dependable, durable. and provide exceptional protection, even under demanding operating conditions...
    - Glen Sharkowicz

    Praveen Has Global Vision with an Innovative Perspective
    Parveen Industries Private Limited (Parveen) saw a transition from manufacturing electrical conduit pipes in its nascent years to manufacturing oilfield equipment. Expressing his concern over the limited scope of oilfield equipment supplies in Indian market, Prabhat Kumar, Director-Marketing, Parveen Industries Private Limited, talks about their equipment dominating the worldwide markets. Oilfield equipment demand varies in direct proportion to the oil prices. The company aims to be a leader in its field, and for this it is looking for strategic partners already established in the field...
    - Prakash Kumar


    Technip Forges New Frontiers in Technology
    The history of Technip in the offshore industry is linked to the development and implementation of major technological breakthroughs, enabling development of some of the most challenging offshore areas around the world. Today, providing the best solutions to unlock the oil and gas potential of offshore provinces remains a core objective of the Group. ..
    - Jean-Marc Letournel

    Global reach and a multi-faceted work force gives Aker Powergas Pvt. Ltd. the competitive edge
    Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase in the number of EPC players in the Indian market. Ashish Gharpure, Director - Sales & Marketing, Aker Powergas Pvt. Ltd. and Vinayak Pai, Director - Operations, Aker Powergas Pvt. Ltd., who have assumed new roles in the company, provide insights into the future plans of the company...
    - Vinayak Pai & Ashish Gharpure

    Eastern hub for the hydrocarbon industry
    Mott MacDonald, a global management, engineering and development consultancy, has delivered a terminal at Visakhapatnam (Vizag) on behalf of Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL). The facility is considered India’s largest fully automated terminal exclusively for black oil products. Vijay Sheth, Divisional Manager, Oil, Gas and Petrochemicals, Mott MacDonald, talks to Offshore World about the successful completion of the project...
    - Vijay Sheth

    Offshore Structural Modelling, Design and Information Management Software
    Tekla's technology creates new opportunities for the offshore construction industry. Tekla Structures, the most advanced building information modelling (BIM) software in the market, provides an accurate, dynamic, and data-rich 3D environment that can be shared by offshore contractors, structural engineers, steel detailers and fabricators, as well as concrete detailers and manufacturers...
    - Chandra Shekar

    The New Kid on the Block: Praesagus RTPO-A Hamilton Company
    Hamilton, US based consulting group recently announced entry in the Indian market through its subsidiary Praesagus RTPO (Real Time Production Optimisation), headquartered in Pune. Keith Grimes, CEO Hamilton Group along with Ashish Chitale, President and MD, and Manav Kanwar, Advisor Business Development hosted a get- together for select technical group from the E&P sector in Mumbai...

    "Our Range is now one of the most Comprehensive in the World"
    E2S boasts of being the world’s leading independent signaling equipment manufacturer. Delivery, for them forms the most important area as a business. In an interview with Offshore World, Neal Porter, Sales & Marketing Director, E2S Ltd, talks about the high quality, long lasting and reliable products, the company manufactures. E2S being an electronics driven company, its products offer highest output and lowest current consumption figures available...
    - Neal Porter

    'Sensit's Biggest Advantage is the Ability to Sense Gas faster than its Competition'
    In an interview with Offshore World, J Scott Kleppe, President, SENSIT Technologies, briefs us about the detection products, the company manufactures. Bringing innovative technologies for the user to experience increased safety and reliability, drives their success. Their ability to sense gas faster than their competitors and the user-friendly nature of the products make them unique in their field...
    - J. Scott Kleppe


    Demand of Simulation Solutions to Rise in the Future
    In an exclusive interview with Offshore World, Dr Ahmad Haidari, Global Industry Director - Process, Energy and Power, Ansys Inc and Dr Kaustubh Nande, Manager – Marketing, Ansys Software Pvt Ltd (Ansys India) talk about the engineering simulation business that Ansys has been into since decades. They talk about the various stages of the company, right from its nascent years to the market that it is able to dominate now. Giving a very lucid picture of the company’s scope, they have brought several aspects of its expanding business-growth, acquisitions, customers, competitors, challenges, business units, verticals, investments, software,technology enhancement methods under one umbrella...


    Technip Forges New Frontiers in Technology
    The history of Technip in the Offshore industry is linked to the development and implementation of major technological breakthroughs, enabling development of some of the most challenging offshore areas around the world. Today, providing the best solutions to unlock the oil and gas potential of offshore provinces remains a core objective of the Group...
    - Jean-Marc Letournel

    Failure of "Single Point Mooring Systems" Subsea Hoses
    Aryatech Marine & Offshore Service Pvt. Ltd. is a Marine and Offshore Engineering and Consultancy Company is headquartered in New Delhi, India. It is comprised of experienced professionals specialising in providing services to the Marine, Offshore and Petroleum industries. Aryatech is associated with Stewart Technology Associates USA, a major Marine & Offshore Engineering Consultancy company, and have together completed various projects in the offshore oil and gas sector. These include the two recently completed projects on the Single Point Mooring offloading systems where the complete offloading buoy setup of the floating hoses, subsea hoses and the mooring hawsers had been analysed...
    - Tarun Rewari


    Life on the Rigs
    Someone loves taking his son out for horse riding; someone runs an eco-friendly plastic factory in his free time; someone envisions his son playing the guitar and becoming a rock-star someday; someone reminisces about his days as a road tar layer; someone worries about not having given enough time to his son; someone, who goes by the nickname Scooter, loves disassembling scooters and reassembling them back to participate in scooter races in England; someone agonises about a burglary back home and wishes to go back as soon as possible to follow up with the police; someone is anxious about payment notices regarding his second home in Bangkok; a former Commander of the Navy is keen to bring in his military discipline to life on the rigs...
    - Aniruddha Patnaik

    Understanding Illumination in FPSO Design
    With a century's worth of experience in providing electrical solutions to marine and hazardous markets, Chalmit provides an insight into some of the key issues to consider when illuminating a floating production and storage vessel...
    - Ian MacLeod

    Reducing Uncertainties in Gas Quality Measurements
    Gas is traded on amount of energy which is derived from the measurement of volume and the amount of energy per unit volume (heating value or calorific value). Hence, the property is now routinely calculated from gas composition data obtained from gas analysis according to ISO6974 [1] and ASTM 1945 [2]. This paper gives details of the areas of the gas measurement process where biases may be introduced and seeks to highlight the methods that can be used to reduce the uncertainty of process gas quality measurements. When properly implemented, these methods will improve the confidence of all interested parties, where natural gas is traded and reduce the threat of litigation...
    - Paul Holland

    Implementing Innovative Technologies
    Why is it that as an industry we struggle to invest and develop in new technologies? As head of an independent Scottish subsea business operating across the globe I find that still, in the energy business in many parts of the world, there remains a reluctance to strike out and try new ways of working...
    - Mike Wilson

    Differential Global Positioning Systems & Albert Einstein
    Differential Global Positioning Systems (DGPS) is a technique of making global positioning systems accurate to within two metres. It is a land based technique using four satellites and two receivers. One receiver is mobile and is the entity that needs positioning. The second receiver is stationary on land and kept at a very accurately positioned and surveyed point...
    - Mayank Mohan Pande

    New Approach to Token-based Licensing Drives Efficiencies in Energy Companies Today
    As the world adapts to the impact of the global economic downturn, companies across the process industries, including those operating in the oil and gas sector, are adjusting to new business realities. Organisations must ensure that they focus on profit maximisation in what continues to be an uncertain market environment.
    - Sunil Chaudhari

    Refinery Improves Safety with Honeywell’s Integrated Solutions
    Toxic or combustible gases are part of an industrial process, but can have severe negative impact on people, property and productivity. To provide early warnings of fire or gas release, Reliance needed a partner to provide integrated fire and gas detection, CCTV systems and strong execution capability to work on an aggressive schedule. Reliance also wanted systems that work with the entire gamut of detection devices like combustible gas detectors, toxic gas detectors, smoke detectors, heat detectors, fire alarm panels, fire suppression systems and manual call points. Honeywell offered the full spectrum of gas sensing technologies (electrochemical, catalytic bead, open-path and point Infrared)...

    Thermal Insulation for Extreme Temperatures
    As new oil discoveries are pushed into deeper waters, the thermal requirements for these systems are becoming more challenging. Often referred to as frozen smoke, aerogels are the lightest and the best insulating media as their performance does not degrade with time or temperature exposure. Cabot produces hydrophobic silica aerogel using fine particle technology adaptive for variety of applications including the very demanding oil & gas industry. The article gives insights into the performance of these super insulators under extreme conditions...
    - Matthew Greenfield

    Hydrocarbon Extraction from More Demanding Waters
    The global demand for extraction of hydrocarbons from more demanding waters means contractors and operators face even more challenging issues. Though we all hope that renewable energy and alternative fuels will have a big impact on lowering our use of fossil fuels, hydrocarbons remain and will continue to be a key source of energy into the foreseeable future...


    'Leighton's Indian Arm to Play Strong Role in Growth Strategy'
    Since 1975, the unique combination of local knowledge and extensive international experience has made Leighton an international contractor of choice in the countries in which operation is carried out. The key strength is the ability to develop innovative, practical solutions for the clients in segments such as civil engineering and infrastructure, building, mining, offshore oil and gas, and rail. Leighton is one of the leading contractors and project developers in Asia, India and the Middle East, and even further afield in the offshore oil and gas market. In an exclusive interview with Mittravinda Ranjan, Russell Waugh, Managing Director, Leighton Welspun Contractors, speaks about the extensive experience in the management and execution of a wide range of projects over a broad geographic region...
    - Russell Waugh, Managing Director, Leighton Welspun Contractors

    People atthe Helm
    Russell has worked for over 20 years in the construction industry and been involved in the management of a diverse range of projects throughout Australia and Asia. Russell joined Leighton Welspun some 6 years ago, with the dual goals of establishing Leighton Welspun as a key player in the Offshore Oil and Gas sector, and establishing Leighton’s presence in the Indian market...
    - Russell Waugh, Managing Director, Leighton Welspun Contractors

    Pipeline Replacement Project-2
    Leighton Welspun Contractors in India has just completed the Offshore Pipeline Replacement Project-2 in ONGC’s western offshore Mumbai High and Neelam fields. The project involved surveys; engineering; procurement; fabrication; coating; transportation and installation; hook-up and commissioning of the subsea flow lines; injection lines; platform piping; deck modifications and demolition of the redundant risers. The offshore Mumbai High and Neelam Fields are located approximately 50km offshore Mumbai's coast. The water depths in the field range from 50m to 85m...
    - Harshjit Sheth

    G1-GS 15 Shallow Water Project
    Leighton Welspun Contractors Pvt Ltd (LWIN) completed the G1-GS15 Shallow Water Project for India's Oil & Natural Gas Corporation’s (ONGC) in May 2011. G-1 field is located in Bay of Bengal, 20 km off Amalapuram coast in Krishna-Godavari Basin at a water depth of 250-450m which will produce through a subsea production system consisting of subsea production wells and production manifold. ..
    - Pyarilal Kandy, Project Manager, Leighton Welspun Contractors Pvt Ltd

    Mangala Field Development Pipeline Project - 800T Twin 24-in Pipeline Bottom Pull
    Leighton Contractors India Pvt. Ltd (Leighton) completed the 800-tonne bottom pull of the twin 24" crude oil pipeline under an EPC contract for Cairn India Ltd. (CIL) in April-2011. The pull represents one of the largest pulls ever performed from an offshore winch anchored. The project is part of installation of an SPM system which forms the marine infrastructure for CIL's Bhogat Crude Oil Terminal (COT)...
    - Mathew Castelino, Installation Engineering Manager Leighton Welspun Contractors Pvt Ltd


    Integrity Management for Flexible Pipe Systems
    Flexible pipes have been used in offshore applications since the 1970s. Due to their operational versatility and the challenges operators face when developing and operating marginal fields, the use of flexible pipes for oil and gas production has increased rapidly over the last two decades. Experience world-wide has shown the benefits of a systematic inspection and maintenance set-up to protect assets and ensure operational reliability. Consequently, there is an increased effort among leading operators towards systematic Integrity Management for the flexible marine pipeline systems...
    - Carsten S Dahl, Manager, System Assessment Services, NKT Flexibles I/S, Denmark

    Driving Project Efficiency, Cost Control in Upstream Oil & Gas Industry
    Today's upstream oil and gas companies are focused on keeping pace with growing demand and driving incremental revenues by exploiting hydrocarbon reserves. This trend is particularly significant in fast-emerging, dynamic new markets such as Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) where operators are aggressively pursuing new market opportunities both domestically and further afield. These opportunities include finding and developing new reserves and equally extending the production life of existing assets. Achieving these twin goals presents a range of related challenges to operators...
    - Henry Lau, Senior VP and Managing Director,Aspentech Apac

    Improving Safeguards Through Integrity Management
    While failure of subsea components is relatively infrequent, in the past few years there have been a number of subsea components which have failed during operation, including flexible risers, flex joints, and mooring lines. These failures present significant environmental, safety, and physical costs, which may have been avoided with the implementation of a robust Integrity Management (IM) plan. However, the need for IM may only become apparent following an expensive failure or prolonged shut-down, or in the worst case, a fatal accident...
    - Peter Falconer, Global Subsea IM Business Manager, 2H Offshore.

    Emerson Launches New Wireless Tool to Measure Pressure Behind Well Casing
    Emerson Process Management launched the Roxar Downhole Wireless PT Sensor System – Annulus B at OTC 2011. The new instrument will measure online and in real-time previously inaccessible pressure and temperature information behind the casing in subsea production wells, providing operators with an important new tool for well integrity monitoring

    Configuring Protective Enclosures for Offshore Applications
    Engineers tasked with choosing and configuring enclosures, cabinets and shelters for offshore applications face a multitude of conflicting demands. Not only must the unit provide protection against extreme cold or extreme heat – depending on platform location – but it must also be resistant to a host of environmental and other factors, such as salt spray, sour gas, high wind velocities, UV exposure and possibly high pressure blasts. Topping out this wish list, the enclosure needs to have a robust structural integrity, a very long service life and yet weigh as little as possible – as all topside weight on offshore platforms is an expensive commodity. Many of these demands are common to all types of protective enclosure, regardless of whether they are small instrumentation housings or relatively large shelters. This article looks at some of the issues behind each category...
    - Martin Hess and Rohit Nath

    Instrument that Makes Oil Exploration Easy
    Oil is a tricky object to find. Nature has presented us with reservoirs of oil and gas, but due to its non-renewability and extensive uses the sources are on the brink of exhaustion. In this article, we address one electronic instrument that helps in oil exploration and thereby reduces risks in this cost-intensive and high reward industry...
    - Mayank Mohan Pande, DGM(E&T), Marine Survey; ONGC

    Environmental, Health, Safety Guidelines For Offshore Oil & Gas Development
    The Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) Guidelines are technical reference documents with general and industry-specific examples of Good International Industry Practice (GIIP). When one or more members of the World Bank Group are involved in a project, these EHS Guidelines are applied as required by their respective policies and standards. These industry sector EHS guidelines are designed to be used together with the General EHS Guidelines document, which provides guidance to users on common EHS issues potentially applicable to all industry sectors. For complex projects, use of multiple industry-sector guidelines may be necessary...
    - Jaimin Vasa, President, Gujarat Chemical Association


    Role of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in India's Energy Basket
    India is currently the world’s fourth largest economy in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) terms. India is also the fifth largest energy consumer in the world. However, due to its high population of approximately 1.1 billion, the per-capita consumption of most energy related products is extremely low, about 25 percent of the world average. Over the last decade buoyed by the country’s economic growth, energy consumption in India has been growing at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.9 percent during the last decade...
    - Shishir Agarwal, CEO, Essar Oil Ltd


    Safety in Designing for Oil & Gas Projects
    HSE in any project is divided into technical safety, working environment and natural environment. Every Safety Engineer should have a general understanding of the basic requirements in all three areas. With regards to projects in Oil & Gas, it is important to ensure that designs are in accordance with rules, regulations, applicable standards and platform specifications and help to set requirements for how the projects are best executed...
    - Girish K Dalvi

    Human Factor Engineering
    This paper discusses an applied approach for HFE integration and implementation into the design, whether it is a new vessel, a facility construction project, or the expansion, modernization, or upgrading of an existing vessel or facility. This success-ful strategy has evolved over many years in the marine industry. This strategy integrates HFE throughout the various life cycle phases of a project with the objective of efficiently executing relevant HFE activities throughout conceptual, preliminary, and detail design as well as during construction and operation...
    - Sudhir Mishra

    Role Of Top Management In Health and Safety
    The age old saying ‘The Buck Stops Here' has in today's scenario another responsibility for the Boss which is ‘Safety Starts Here’. I have chosen to write on Leadership in Health and Safety - not just to explain the fundamental importance of visible leadership by the Top Management of organizations but to explore what real leadership actually looks like in practice when it is done properly and well. And also to make the case for why Boardroom attention to and scrutiny of health and safety is just as important for business success as Financial Reporting, or any other aspect of Corporate Governance...
    - Vinay Sharma

    Aiming for 10 Fold Growth in 10 Years
    Over the years DAS offshore has diversified into various fields and presently serves sectors such as upstream/downstream hydrocarbon, water supply, infrastructure, Non-destructive Testing (NDT) and heat treatments etc. The core service area however continues to be upstream. Ashok Khade, Director Marketing, DAS Offshore who hails from Sangli district, Maharashtra says that in the last 15 years the company have achieved dynamic growth from being a small fabrication contractor to a dynamic stronghold group of companies with the annual turnover having multiplied by twenty folds. The company is continually working towards listing the company for public issue by the year 2012.
    - Merly Simon

    Safety from the Ground Up
    In the light of ever-more-dangerous explorations in deep oceans and harsh climates, safety has become an increasingly-important issue, not just for the people involved but for the greater environment. While making a mistake might cause an injury, making the same mistake in different circumstances could result in billions of dollars worth of damage, both to a company’s reputation and to the environment. Here Phil Maxted of global engineering services and bolting company Hydratight, reveals that safety is more than just what a company does: it has to be built into everything it is...
    - Phil Maxted

    Choosing the Right Safety Shower
    The choice of emergency safety showers has grown over the years to meet the changing and expanding needs of the oil and gas industries and to deal effectively with new hazards. Manufacturers offer a choice of equipment that has been tailored to suit specific workplace requirements to offer the best possible treatment in the event of an accident. It is important to understand what is required for effective decontamination and the options that are available...
    - Tony Hughes

    Supporting the Oil and Gas Industry
    The oil and gas industry faces challenges associated with age-related equipment de-terioration. In these scenarios, companies must ask themselves what to do with the equipment; more specifically, should they maintain the equipment as it ages, or retire it and purchase new equipment?...
    - Luis M. Penalver

    Stahl Cranes has Superior Platform in Technology, Design and Reliability
    STAHL CraneSystems has been around for over 130 years. With our high-performing development team and countless pioneering inventions, we have succeeded in decisively influencing the technological progress within the industry. Our well-conceived standard product range, further advanced into sophisticated special-purpose solutions and explosion-protected hoists, has enabled us to achieve our worldwide success...
    - Anand Dayanidhi


    In-sync with the Growth of India's Hydrocarbon Sector
    A K Purwaha, Chairman and Managing Director of Engineering India Limited talks about core competencies of EIL and it’s role in shaping the hydrocarbon industry of India with Mittravinda Ranjan. EIL has developed an extensive track record of working with almost all the major players while providing its services in upstream, midstream and downstream hydrocarbon sector, ports and terminals, fertilizer, mining and metallurgy projects...
    - A K Purwaha, Chairman and Managing Director of Engineering India Limited


    "GAC's global network helps our clients connect with markets around the world."
    Paul Haegeman, Managing Director GAC India has spearheaded growth of Indian operations since 2006. As he explains, the company offers a wide portfolio of shipping services to all types of vessels calling at Indian ports. Those services include the handling of bulk cargo and providing vital support operations for the country’s growing oil and gas industry. He talks about offshore operations to Offshore World...
    - Paul Haegeman, Managing Director, GAC India

    Taxation for the Exploration & Production Sector
    Taxation of the E&P sector was traditionally driven with the objective of attracting investments and expertise to secure India’s energy resources. An attempt has been made to keep this objective in mind in the new legislation, ie, the Direct Taxes Code (DTC), proposed to be enacted from 1 April 2012, as well...
    - Nidhi Agarwal, Neetu Vinayek

    Health, Safety, Security of Personnel and Environment in Offshore Hydrocarbon Industry
    Much importance would be given on OHSAS standard in an oil and gas and offshore industries, which will result in achieving sound Health, Safety and Security of personnel and to the Environment. HSE management system will not only comply with all current legislation and statutory requirements but also address the process of risk minimisation to achieve zero incident goals. This document will provide an overview of HSE expectation and work as food for thought...
    - Kiran M Parikh

    Increasing Predictive Intelligence in Indian Offshore Operations
    India Hydrocarbon Visions 2025 is a report commissioned by the Indian government in 2000 with the goal of achieving long-term energy security for the country. Key recommendations and aspirations include "the intensification of exploration efforts and achievement of 100 percent coverage of unexplored basins in a time bound manner to enhance domestic availability of oil and gas."
    - Vincent Vieugue

    Rehabilitation of Rigid Subsea Pipeline
    Marine structures operate in a complex environment that can vary significantly according to site location and water depth. The offshore structures can be divided into different zones namely mud line / subsoil, subsea, splash zone and marine atmospheric zone. There can be different temperature zones, vibration levels on various levels on various levels of marine atmospheric zone in an offshore jacket...
    - J S Kalsi

    High Precision on the High Seas Measurement of Injection Water Quantities on Gullfaks A
    The Norwegian oil company Statoil is the largest oil producer on the continental coast with a payroll of more than 16,000 employees. In 1986, the Gullfaks A rig, weighing 675 000 tonnes, was the first rig in the Gullfaks field to start production. Here 280 000 barrels of oil and 11 million m3 of gas are recovered per day. The gas is conveyed through pipelines to the gas processing plant north of Stavanger, while the crude oil is loaded directly into shuttle tankers on the field. With its storage capacity of 300 000 m3 oil, Gullfaks A is a major contact and transshipment point for export...
    - Dipl.-Ing. Claus Weihermueller

    Breakthrough for Framo in the CLOV project
    A Contract awarded by Total for the supply of a Pump System for the CLOV deepwater development offshore Angola is a major breakthrough for Framo Engineering AS. CLOV consists of the Cravo, Lirio, Orquidea and Violeta discoveries, located in approximately 1,370 metres of water in Block 17 offshore Angola. The company is a Total System Supplier to the worldwide oil and gas industry, supplying leading market technology for subsea processing, multiphase boosting, and wet gas compression...
    - Arne B. Olsen

    Tekla Structures: Ideal Solution for Offshore Industry
    The Halfdan Platform Halfdan BB is an unmanned platform situated in the North Sea at a location where the depth reaches 50 m. The platform’s substructure consists of traditional tubular cable profiles which are welded together to form a tower lattice with three arms joined below to the foundation pylons...
    - Rohit Toshniwal

    Staying Ahead of the Curve in Natural Gas
    In response to the anticipated growth in the demand of LNG, TORP LNG AS has developed its proprietary EasyLNG regas solution for emerging markets. The design philosophy for EasyLNG was to develop a re-gasification plant with convenience in scalability...
    - Lars Odeskaug

    Solid Waste Discharges from Marine Sanitation Devices
    January 2010, the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) MEPC 159(55) effluent standards and performance tests for sewage treatment plants installed on board went into effect. Marine sanitation device (MSD) equipment manufacturers offer a variety of treatment schemes they claim effectively treat wastes for the offshore exploration and production markets. But to properly determine the efficacy of an MSD, closer evaluation of the logistics of its specific solids/sludge handling system should be made...
    - Dana Casbeer

    Bartec Keeps Temperature up in one of Austria's Biggest Natural Gas Stations
    The natural gas station Strasshof with its owner OMV Gas & Power is one of the biggest natural gas stations in Austria. The safety technology provider received the order for the engineering and supply of trace heating for the conveyer pipes as well as the condensate pipes. The used cable was the self-limiting parallel heating cable PSB as well as the self-limiting parallel heating cable HSB. The convincing advantage of these two kinds of cables is their ability to be used in explosive atmospheres without any temperature limiter...
    - Paul Rosenberger

    Oil and Gas Business has 38 Percent Shortage of Skilled Labour
    Dearth of skilled workers have been a cause of concern in India’s oil and gas sector. It has been learnt that due to shortfall of young talent and shortage of meticulous training India has been facing this problem. On the other hand India’s rival china has done prolific growth in oil and gas sector and has also made inroads in other foreign markets...
    - Aditya Kumar

    Sound Management in E & P
    Vinay R Sharma, MD, Oil Field Warehouse Services ushered a new era in the field of logistics for the offshore oil & gas sector, which has changed the look of balance sheets of operators in this sector and opened a whole plethora of opportunities to global suppliers...
    - Vinay R Sharma

    Neural Networks in Exploration and Production of Hydrocarbons
    Human brain is a unique organ that can comprehend itself. Brain mechanisms are complex in nature and though much of research has been carried out by the scientists in this field, still it is a long way off from understanding these completely. Electronic computers that mimic structure of neural computation began a promising era in the eighties. Author discusses use of artificial neural networks that are and can be used in E&P activities...
    - Mayank Mohan Pande

    Primary Medical Emergency Response at Remote Locations
    India is a vast country rich in numerous natural resources including oil & gas, minerals, and other resources. This attracts various organizations involved in mining, exploration, infrastructure, engineering etc which exposes the employees and contractors of the company to a wide range of risks including medical risks. These projects utilise specialized machinery and equipment including heavy equipment and have a significant risk of serious trauma and injuries. Thus such remote locations should have the capability to deliver effective primary first aid, advanced medical care and transportation capability to a tertiary care medical facility...
    - Dr Alok Khullar


    DOEIL: Growing Slowly but Steadily
    A successful person often has the courage to never let it go in adverse circumstances, rather he uses it as a tool to fight with odds and take a calculated risk and act accordingly. Navpreet Singh, Joint Managing Director of Mumbai-based, Dolphin Offshore Enterprises (India) Ltd (DOEIL) is one such man who is ready to take business-risks that his contemporary business friends never take. Despite his very hectic schedule, he talked to Mittravinda Ranjan about sundry issues related to oil and gas Industry, the growth and future plans of the organization...
    - Navpreet Singh, Joint Managing Director,Dolphin Offshore Enterprises (India) Ltd


    Ushering a New Era in Offshore Logistics
    Vinay R Sharma, MD, Oil Field Warehouse Services ushered a new era in the field of logistics for the offshore oil & gas sector, which has changed the look of balance sheets of operators in this sector and opened a whole plethora of opportunities to global suppliers. An entrepreneur in his true spirit be found opportunity in the challenge that the offshore industry been facing. It has been five years since he decided to had call it quits with India’s biggest conglomerate to pursue his dream. And he hasn’t looked back since. He shares his journey with Offshore World through an exclusive interview with Mittravinda Ranjan...
    - Vinay R Sharma, MD, Oil Field Warehouse Services

    The Vital Link to Realize Oil & Gas Discoveries
    Shipping industry has always played a vital role in transporting energy into the country, to meet the country’s ever growing demand. Despite endeavours, the Indian shipping industry has not been able to maintain its growth momentum with the pace of economic development. Arun Kumar Gupta, Director (Technical & Offshore Services), The Shipping Corporation of India and Convener INMARCO-INAvation 2010, expresses his concern over the reduced EXIM trade through Indian vessels...
    - Mittravinda Ranjan

    FLNG: Bolt on Technology for Berthing and Mooring - is it that Simple ?
    The systems used for berthing, mooring and mooring management at onshore LNG terminals are often considered suitable for Floating LNG (FLNG) applications. Given the many additional factors of a highly dynamic marine environment, is this a valid assumption? By demystifying the complexities of FLNG berthing and mooring, Tom Toth, Technical Manager, Offshore Integrated Moorings, Trelleborg Marine Systems, gives an insight into new technologies and ideas for integrated berthing and mooring...
    - Tom Toth

    Offshore Access Systems - Revolutionising Marine Personnel Transfer
    More than 10 million crew transfers take place annually across the world in the offshore oil and gas industry and whether these are by helicopter, vessel or crane basket, personnel transfer remains one of the highest risk activities. This, added to growing pressure on operators to increase productivity while reducing operational costs has led to more intense scrutiny of current personnel transfer methods...
    - Steven Beales

    Creating the Workforce for the Booming Offshore Sector
    Growing demand of petrotech professionals is a challenge oil and gas industry is facing in the E&P sector. Prof Paritosh K Banik, Director General, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU), delves over the manpower crunch in this field...
    - Prof Paritosh Banik

    High Precision on the High Seas Measurement of Injection Water Quantities on Gullfaks A
    The Norwegian oil company Statoil is the largest oil producer on the continental coast with a payroll of more than 16,000 employees. In 1986, the Gullfaks A rig, weighing 675 000 tonnes, was the first rig in the Gullfaks field to start production. Here 280 000 barrels of oil and 11 million m3 of gas are recovered per day. The gas is conveyed through pipelines to the gas processing plant north of Stavanger, while the crude oil is loaded directly into shuttle tankers on the field. With its storage capacity of 300 000 m3 oil, Gullfaks A is a major contact and transshipment point for export...
    - Dipl.-Ing. Claus Weihermueller

    NELP Bid Rounds Secures Investment of about USD 14 Billion
    The oil and gas sector in India have been traditionally dominated by Public sector undertaking – which accounts for more than half of domestic oil and gas production and refining capacity in the country. However, in recent years, because of the steps taken by the government to deregulate the industry and encourage greater private and foreign participation, private sector contribution in the sector has been increasing steadily. In this backdrop, the ninth round of NELP offers an attractive entry point. The NELP-IX provides for attracting investments in this important sector of the economy and has significantly boosted the development of Exploration and Production sector...
    - Merly Simon

    Handling Test Separator Problems for the Oil & Gas Industry
    V-Cone flow meter offers an advanced differential pressure flow technology that acts as its own flow conditioner. This unique design enables the V-Cone flow meter to provide outstanding performance without the long lengths of upstream or downstream pipe runs usually required by other types of flow meters. This requirement for reduced straight pipe run results in significant space savings, especially on offshore platforms...
    - Rohit Toshniwal

    A Systematic Approach to Health Risk Management in Oil And Gas Industry
    Oil and gas sector in India are subjected to legislation and regulation concerning Occupational Health and Safety. With the increase in legislation and the drive for ever-greater efficiency and accountability, health and safety in oil and gas is becoming an increasingly important subject. This article covers the essential health issues that apply specifically to Oil and Gas industry, including the nature and causes of occupational injury or illness, relevant occupational health legislation applicable in India and occupational health risk management for the industry...
    - Dr Kowshik Kupatira

    Advantages of Master Metering Method of Proving Custody Transfer Flows
    "The American Petroleum Institute Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards" offers a guide for the design, installation, calibration, and operation of meter-proving systems that are commonly used by petroleum operators around the world. The chapter covers Displacement and Tank provers as well as the use of Master Meters to validate measurement systems for custody transfer. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the advantages of the Master Meter proving method in today’s offshore and onshore custody transfer applications...
    - Andrew Ross

    Specialty Stainless For Solving Corrosion Problems in the Oil & Gas Industry
    Stainless steels cover a wide range of alloys, each with a particular combination of corrosion resistance and mechanical properties. In oil and gas applications many of these stainless steel grades are used, depending on the demands of the particular service environment. To achieve good corrosion resistance several damage mechanisms have to be considered, such as uniform corrosion, pitting corrosion and environmentally-induced cracking. Different strategies are used for developing specialty stainless steels which have properties far superior to those of the basic 304L and 316L grades. This paper will focus the attention on some duplex and superaustenitic grades and their corrosion properties and applicability to the oil and gas industry...
    - Elisabeth Johansson, Rachel Pettersson, Elisabet Alfonsson and François Weisang-Hoinard

    High Performance Age Hardenable Nickel Alloys Solve Problems in Sour Oil and Gas Service
    In the coming years the new frontier of oil and gas exploration will be in deep wells, and particularly those in deepwater. Most of the easy to pick fruits of the industry have already been taken with shallow field development. Compared to shallow wells, deep wells generally require equipment built with more high performance nickel base alloys. Wells are categorized either being sweet or sour. Sweet wells being only mildly corrosive, while sour wells are highly corrosive and contain hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, chlorides and free sulphur. In addition different levels of corrosive conditions are compounded by temperatures up to 260oC and pressures up to 25,000 psi. and generally deep wells generally have higher temperatures and pressures...
    - Corrotherm International Ltd


    Economic Reforms & NELP Rounds Transformed the Face of E&P in India
    Naresh Kumar, MD, Jindal Drilling & Industries Ltd speaks on growth in Indian exploration activities, reflected in the increasing number of offshore rigs working off the coast of India during the last decades. Economic reforms & NELP rounds have changed the face of E&P activities in India. Looking back to June 2000, there were only 12 rigs contracted for work in the offshore waters of India. Around 2002, ONGC, with maximum acreage, went in for massive re-development plan for Mumbai High North and subsequently Mumbai High South fields, involving installation of numerous platforms to carry out the stated goal to increase recovery factor from the averaging 28 percent to 40 percent. He says, the rig count has grown to around 52 rigs currently contracted for work in offshore waters surrounding the country in an interview with Mittravinda Ranjan...
    - Naresh Kumar, Managing Director, Jindal Drilling & Industries Ltd


    Taking Well Intervention to Ultra-Deep Waters
    When Aker Solutions' new deepwater intervention vessel, Skandi Aker, last month was announced winner of the coveted international "Ship of the Year 2010" award, it was as much about what goes on between the vessel and the seabed as the ship itself...
    - Vennlig hilsen

    Ultrasound in the Offshore World
    Because light and radio-waves cannot penetrate more than a few metres of the sea the only medium for signalling measurements and communications is Sound. Nature has endowed marine animals like dolphins and whales to use ultrasound (those frequencies of Sound which exceed the 20 KHz limit for human hearing) for locating prey and even sing their songs! In this short article we shall see how ultrasound waves are generated, focussed, refracted, and reflected and how they are used to image the sea bed and generally used in the offshore world...
    - Mayank Mohan Pande

    Evolving Options for Offshore Fluid Services
    The selection of fitting technology depends on pressures, temperatures and media. However, when applications demand very high reliability, or involve pressures beyond the scope of other industry-standard fittings, choice becomes limited and the cost of the fitting itself can be a tiny fraction compared to the cost of installation. This is especially the case with many marine applications in hydraulic lines, services and instrumentation...
    - Jim Breeze and Kishore Malkani

    Practical Deepwater Pipeline Repair System
    A major U.S. oil producer challenged the deepwater pipeline repair industry to develop a system that would be environmentally responsible and provide business continuity and value. Wachs Subsea, LLC and Oil States Industries, Inc. answered the challenge by designing, testing, and producing an innovative Deepwater Pipeline Repair System consisting of a cut-lift-remove-replace method that is operational at 10,000 feet, and can repair up to a 200-foot section of pipeline...
    - Tim Sheehan

    Smart Wireless Instrumentation for Offshore Applications
    O&G Offshore operators are continuously on the lookout for ways to reduce capital and operational expenditure in an increasingly fluctuating business environment. With less weight, smaller footprint and enhanced security and reliability, wireless technology provides answers to some of these business challenges and is fast changing the industry's thought patterns. How does one extend the power of predictive intelligence into areas that were previously out of physical or economic reach and open the doors for new possibilities in process improvement? Remote locations, physical obstructions, and the high cost of engineering and integrating new technologies with exiting technologies should no longer be the barriers for this... - Sunil Khanna, Dr A S Prasad and Pawan Sharma
    - Sunil Khanna, Dr A S Prasad and Pawan Sharma

    Smart 3D Solutions Increase Safety in the Engineering Enterprise
    As recent events have indelibly illustrated, lapses in plant safety can result in the loss of life and property, unimaginable environmental damage as well as corporate financial and reputation ruin, and intense governmental scrutiny. SmartPlant Enterprise and its ship and offshore counterpart, SmartMarine Enterprise, inherently promote safer plant design and construction with their rules-based Smart 3D engineering design solution...
    - David Joffrion

    Use of Compressor Water Wash to Optimise Gas Turbine Performance
    Optimising Gas Turbine (GT) performance is a key consideration for plant operators. Such activity returns dividends of improved output and heat rate recovery, benefiting equipment lifecycle and maintenance costs. GTs compress large quantities of air through the compressor stage, consuming up to 60 % of the energy involved in operating the engine. Any compressor efficiency degradation significantly impacts overall efficiency. Contaminants, even in small concentration, can coat or foul working surfaces. Over time, this results in lower efficiency and output. Compressor fouling is almost unavoidable, even with modern air filter treatment. Compressor cleaning is required to maintain overall GT efficiency. A well-designed offline and online water wash system can minimise compressor fouling, maintain higher turbine efficiencies, and significantly improve profitability without impacting the durability of compressor components. This paper reviews methods to optimize a compressor utilizing a water wash program and data that demonstrates an improvement of output and heat rate recovery...
    - Robert J Burke and Alessandro Boursier

    Condensate Stabilization
    Composition of raw natural gas depends on the type, depth, and location of the reservoir and geology of the area. Most of the gas reservoirs contain some amount of heavy hydrocarbon components in its liquid state. This associated liquid hydrocarbon is called as hydrocarbon condensate. The hydrocarbon condensate contains large percentage of lighter components, which will flash off when the condensate is brought to atmospheric pressure. The recovered hydrocarbon condensate needs to be stabilized to avoid hydrocarbon flashing in storage tanks. Stabilization is a process of decreasing the amount of lighter components (C1 to C3) in the liquid phase. In other words, stabilization can be defined as a process that brings down the vapor pressure of the hydrocarbon liquid to the required specification. Stabilization of fluids from oil fields is called crude stabilization whereas for gas fields, it is called condensate stabilization. The objective of this article is to elaborate a method for the selection of a condensate stabilization technique for a specific application. Stabilization of condensate can be achieved through various techniques. However, this article discusses the techniques of Multistage Flashing and Stabilization by Distillation in detail...
    - John Benoy and Rajesh N Kale

    Management Excellence in Oil & Gas, Petrochemicals Refineries
    Over past three decades corporate management has sponsored number of business improvement initiatives such as TQM, Six Sigma, and Lean Manufacturing. These and other operational excellence initiatives were used as catalyst to improve business performance. Many companies today are continuing to implement some form of operational excellence program to again transform and dramatically increase organizational performance...
    - Dr Sohrab R Bhot


    "We are scouting for younger fields, with proven oil and gas reserves that are in need of investments".....
    Sudhir Vasudeva, Director (Offshore), ONGC started his career with this organization, as trainee in the same year when India’s hydrocarbon major had put the Mumbai High field into production .He is the oilman with extensive hands on experience in various E&P projects of the ONGC. When he took charge of his current position in February 2009, two main things that topped the agenda were to improve recoveries from Mumbai High and bring East Coast fields on stream at the earliest. In a free wheeling interview with Mittravinda Ranjan, he talks about various projects the company is working on and the strategy of the corporation to augment the hydrocarbon supplies in the country...
    - Sudhir Vasudeva, Director (Offshore), ONGC


    Powergas will play significant role in monetizing Indian hydrocarbon assets...
    Sanjay Joshi is the Managing Director, Aker Powergas Pvt Ltd, India, the Indian arm of Aker Solutions. He is a chartered chemical engineer with extensive experience in upstream and downstream projects. He has held various positions in his professional career in engineering design, project management and business development. Joshi talks about the robust growth of oil and gas sector in the country and the role of the Indian arm in global operations of the group in a face to face interview with Mittravinda Ranjan...
    - Sanjay Joshi, Managing Director, Aker Powergas Pvt Ltd


    Seabed Processing Systems; Key to Unlock Hidden Deposits
    Subsea field discoveries have rapidly increased over the past years. However, very high field development costs restrict the operators from exploiting the available resources. Siemens has developed power grids to address the challenges for the offshore industry to produce oil from marginally economic fields and unlock the potential of isolated fields...
    - Bjoern Einar Brath

    Using Laser Scans for Offshore Platforms
    Complete information about as built plant status is critical for the EPC companies for revamps of old platforms. As compared to conventional methods of gathering the data, use of laser scanning technology in surveys results in generation of highly accurate data. This minimizes the overall cost by fast tracking on site data gathering without the necessity of plant shut downs. The authors have discussed various advantages of this technology for offshore platforms...
    - Dr Heiko Hosse, Madanan Sankara Marar and Margarete Kreppert

    Controlling Corrosion with PTFE Coatings for Fasteners used in Marine Environments
    Offshore structures are used worldwide for a variety of functions and in a variety of water depths, and environments. The most commonly used offshore platforms are made of steel and are used for oil/gas exploration and production. The design and analyses of these offshore structures must be made in accordance with recommendations published by the American Petroleum Institute (API)...
    - Kirtan R Dhami

    Best Practices in Hazard and Operability Studies
    Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOP) remains a very powerful tool in the armory of modern designers and engineers in minimizing hazard and operability related concerns from process plants in continuous as well as batch operations. In a world moving towards increased environmental awareness, HAZOP techniques will continue to find traditional as well as novel applications...
    - Ram K Goyal and S Kugan

    Managing Time for Professional Success
    "The most important principle of corporate management is Time Management." - Thomas Watson, IBM. Time is the most precious resource. Few things are more important to us than learning how to manage time well. What is Time Management? Is it only making schedules or working faster? Often approaches to time management are very mechanistic...
    - Nikhil Desai

    India Steps on Shale Gas
    Companies including Reliance Industries Limited (E&P), RNRL, and Genpact, have expressed interest in exploring for shale gas in India. Reliance Industries paid a reported USD 1.7 billion for a 40 percent share in Atlas Energy’s leasehold in the Marcellus shale gas play in the eastern US. A complication to shale gas in India is that the government-issued leases for conventional petroleum exploration do not include unconventional sources such as shale gas....
    - Merly Simon

    Cairn-ONGC Pipeline Operational
    Commissioning of this crude oil pipeline marks a successful completion of a technological marvel in the Rajasthan project and would facilitate more cost-effective and augmented crude oil production directly accessing the buyers...
    - Merly Simon

    India Eyes BP's Hydrocarbon Assets in Vietnam
    While BP is mulling to sell fields in Pakistan, Colombia, Venezuela and Vietnam to meet the USD 20 billion clean-up bill of the worst oil spill, India is eyeing to acquire company's assets in Vietnam. Murli Deora led Indian delegation for talks to Vietnam in July...
    - Zafrus Salam


    Gearing Up for the Future Challenge!
    India's hydrocarbon potential remains vastly unexplored, with only 22 percent of its sedimentary basin area being well explored. The dgh have institutionalized a very systematic licensing round and the eight successful nelp rounds have increased the intensity of domestic exploration activities and also the participation of Indian private sector and select international players in exploration activities in India. This has in turn led to increased private investment in the sector in recent years. Although a number of significant discoveries have been made during the past six - seven years, increased efforts are required to unlock India's untapped Hydrocarbon potential...
    - Rahul Dhir, Managing Director and CEO, Cairn India


    Exploring India's Sedimentary Basins
    Energy safety is amid the primarily stern apprehension for the countries all over the world and more precise to emerging nation like India. Within the existing circumstances the key driver for energy augmentation appears to be exploration efforts in Indian sedimentary basins...
    - S.K. Srivastava, DG, DGH

    Blood is Thicker than Gas
    The Supreme Court ruling closes a chapter on a high profile feud between two Ambani borthers Mukesh Ambani and Anil Ambani that could set the tone for the country's policy on gas pricing and aloocation...
    - Zafrus Salam

    Indian Gas Transmission Business
    Gas supplies are expected to be more than double in the next five years in India. Well developed infrastructure of transmission pipe lines is necessary to support demand supply chain. Positive results from NELP rounds and new gas discoveries in the country have generated significant interest among various industry players in gas transmission business...
    - Revati Kasture

    New Drilling Techniques Yield Positive Results in Russia.
    New technologies are making way into the field of E&P activities. Oilmen are more open to trying out innovative technologies to increase production. At TNK Uvat Fields, the geologists have tried new commingled technology and achieved success. Russia has sourced this technology from abroad and being novel technology very few companies have used so far.Commingled production has yielded good production results in Ethiopia and Ecudor...
    - T N K - Uvat

    Enhanced Laser Diode Spectroscopy Design for High Integrity Gas Detection Applications
    Operators of gas detection systems used in safety-critical applications in the hydrocarbon processing, petrochemical and other industries are increasingly looking for rugged fixed, open path (line-ofsite) gas detectors featuring high safety integrity with low levels of maintenance and total cost of ownership Enhanced Laser Diode Spectroscopy™ (ELDS™) is a unique class of laser diode spectroscopy that includes techniques for increasing sensitivity and reliability for gas detection applications. The design of an open path gas detection (OPGD) system with ELDS can meet industry requirements for high safety integrity and low maintenance with two proprietary ELDS techniques: harmonic fingerprints and automatic functional testing of gas detectors...
    - Lee Richman

    Silicone in the Oil and Gas Industry
    Silicone is a class of specialty chemicals that have unique properties that result from its origins at the frontier of inorganic and organic chemistry. This paper describes the nature of silicone and the physical and chemical properties that make it unique. The relationship and utilization of these properties to applications throughout the petroleum production and refining chain are discussed in the paper...
    - Dow Corning Corporation

    Demanding Performance Requirements of Oil and Gas Industry Require Careful Safety System Selections
    Asset and system availability along with process uptime are more critical than ever in the oil and gas industry. At today’s high fuel prices, each minute of uptime counts. Any disruption of the supply chain creates a strain in the market and puts companies at risk for incurring substantial downtime losses...
    - Rockwell Automation

    Managing the Shipping Carriers
    Tanker management is just not a profession but passion for Capt. Mohan Naik, General Manager, Dynacom Tankers Management. The company is headquartered in Athens and set up its Indian operations around 18 years back under his leadership. The company operates one of the biggest fleets of carriers for the oil & gas industry. He shared his views on few of the concerned issues in a candid conversation...
    - Capt Mohan Naik, General Manager, India

    Tapping the Unconventional Gas Sources
    Gas hydrates is described as a very large global reservoir of natural gas, estimated to contain more organic carbon than all other known fossil fuel. The worldwide amount of methane in gas hydrates is about twice the amount of carbon held in all fossil fuels on earth and is considered to contain at least 1x104 gigatons of carbon in a very conservative estimate...
    - Merly Simon

    Two Down In Three Weeks
    About sixty percent of world's energy need is met through hydrocarbons. Drilling oil and gas wells in deepwater is risky and costly process. Time and again, the hydrocarbon industry has witnessed accidents that have not only resulted in huge financial losses but also had a deep impact on the environment...
    - OSW Team


    Maco in Good Shape, as Demand Increases in the Equipment Segment
    There will be huge requirement of equipments in India in oil and gas industry in next two to three years. We are importing equipments for drilling and production as well, says Amitav Dutta, General Manager of Oil and Gas Divison, Maco Corporation. He shares his views on growing prospects of the company through an exclusive interview with Offshore World...
    - Amitav Dutta


    E+H Aims Exponential Growth in India
    Mr. Sajiv Nath, Managing Director, Endress+Hauser (India) Private Limited has been associated with the automation industry for almost two decades, with expertise in the field of instrumentation, not only in India, but also in South East Asia, Middle East & Africa. In the past 20 years, he has worked at key positions with prominent automation companies both in India and abroad and a key member of the leadership team of Automation Industry Association. In an exclusive interview with Mittravinda Ranjan of Offshore World, he talks about the role of E+H’s presence in the Indian economic region as a part of company’s global growth strategy... - Mr. Sajiv Nath

    Thinking Global, Acting Local is the Mantra
    For more than half a century, Endress + Hauser, has consistently aligned itself to the needs of markets and customers and has marked its presence in all the major markets across the globe. Mr Klaus Endress, CEO, Endress + Hauser Group spearheaded the growth of the company globally since 1995. E+H set up its first Indian product centre in Aurangabad in 2000. He recently inaugurated a new facility to manufacture pressure and level meters in Aurangabad. On the sidelines of inauguration of inauguration of new production center, he talked to Mittravinda Ranjan of Offshore World about India as a dynamic market and the group's aim to achieve growth twice the country's GDP...
    - Klaus Endress

    Mama Mia! I've Struck Oil - Now What?
    As the world's known reserves of crude are shrinking, the race is on to discover new fields and get the most out of the existing ones. Over the years, this hunt for the black gold has led man from the safety of land to shallow coastal waters and beyond into the depths of the ocean; from the salubrious climate of the Gulf of Mexico to the harsh freezing waters of the North Sea; from the relatively calm Arabian Sea to the typhoon-ridden seas of South-East and Far East Asia...
    - Zubin Mistry

    Learn and Use Global Offshore Experience
    Since the piper Alpha disaster in 1988, many changes have been implemented across world offshore regions. Corrosion related failures of processing facilities are a major source of risk to offshore oil and gas installations. It has been recognized that there are many ways to organize and operate successful corrosion management systems, each of which is asset specific depending on factors such as Design, Stage in Life Cycle, Process Conditions and Operational History. Our country is yet to develop programs like Joint Industry Projects (JIPs) to address the materials and corrosion concerns with specific reference to our Indian operating conditions...
    - M Valiappan

    A Versatile Reservoir Unit
    Based on recent experiences in designing the latest generation dynamic positioned (DP) drillships and floating production systems, a Versatile Reservoir Unit (VRU) has been developed by SBM Offshore. This unit has great operating flexibility and can be used in 4 operating scenarios...
    - Leen Poldervaart and Nicolas Abela

    Selecting the Right Stainless Steel Grade
    Stainless steels have properties which make them attractive choices for a wide range of applications. Many grades have been developed over the years; these form a rich tapestry of alternatives, with grades optimized to offer cost-effective solutions to many of the problem environments in industrial, marine, construction and transport applications...
    - Tarak P Kavi

    Use of Explosion Modeling for Safely Locating Control Buildings in Oil Refineries and Petrochemical Plants
    For safe siting of control buildings the American Petroleum Institute's Recommended Practice API RP-752 provides detailed guidelines and best practices. This paper describes the use of simple explosion modeling techniques to decide if a proposed location for a control building in a refinery meets current industry standards. In the case study presented in this paper, there were five scenarios posing potential risk, two of which called for detailed risk analysis. The quantitative risk assessment also includes a fault tree analysis that evaluates the event rate of vapor cloud explosion and Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion (BLEVE) of a propane vessel...
    - Ram K Goyal

    PTFE Coated Fasteners Continue to Solve Problems
    The biggest problem that the oil and gas companies faced was preventing corrosion, which other wise cost thousands of dollars for the maintenance of the metallic parts and equipments in such companies. Thus rouse a need to protect machine component parts from corrosion and make them corrosion and chemical resistance...
    - Abedin.M.Gunderwala

    Reviving Natural Resources Naturally
    Tiny and invisible, bacteria are often maligned as 'bugs' that cause diseases in humans and animals. Little do we know of how wonderfully they help sustain life on earth. As the base of the food chain in many environments, they do the most inane and tedious of jobs, from breaking down dead, organic matter and recycling natural resources to putting that tang in yoghurt and that sour taste in dough bread. And now financial support from DBT, Government of India, scientists at TERI and Institute of Reservoir Studies (IRS), ONGC have jointly developed ways of utilizing these bacteria to extract oil from 'stripper' or less productive oil wells and putting them back in business...
    - Dr Banwari Lal

    Wellhead Metering Using V-Cone Technology: Coal Bed Methane and Wet Gas Metering
    In a bid to increase the hydrocarbon production there is an increase in use of injected fluids in E&P activities. However it is critical to monitor the level of fluids to get maximum output in most efficient manner. McCrometer’s versatile V-Cone Flow Meter is compatible with the demanding standards set by the oil/gas production, delivery and refining industry...
    - Toshniwal Bros


    Utilizing Restricted Data with Knowledge
    Current trends in engineering dimensional control surveys in hostile offshore environment may reduce the cost of offshore projects significantly. Typically 'brown field' facilities are changed, modified and updated during their operation, to the point where the existing general arrangement drawings, P&ID's and structural / piping detailed drawings are completely out of date and do not reflect the actual site conditions. This causes major problems when the asset is being managed and maintenance or modification work is required...
    - Ramon Kirpalaney


    Firm Footing in India
    Rockwell Automation Strikes the Right Match With Energy and Power. Greg Obenmeyer, M V Manager, (Oil and Gas) Rockwell Automation speaks to Offshore world... - By Mr. Greg Obermeyer


    Indian Petrochemical Industry
    Petrochemicals dominates the global chemicals market with a share of almost 40 percent. The coming years are expected to see the petrochemicals industry undergoing a major metamorphosis, particularly with the Middle East as a major petrochemicals supplier and China emerging as a major processing hub and end-use market... - Bhargav Vadia

    Market Analysis of Indian Refining Sector
    Oil is the world's most important source of energy. The demand for petroleum products is linked directly to the country's economic activity, which is measured by its GDP. The largest demand for petroleum products is from Asia and Asia Pacific region with strong growth in consumption shown by countries like China and India...
    - Sandeep Gupta

    Innovative Approach for Increasing Petroleum Refinery Margins
    Integration of solvent extraction unit of lube refinery and FCC unit of fuel refinery provides a unique concept of converting fuel oil components into premium refinery products, leading to significant increase in GRM...
    - M O Garg, Manoj Srivastava, Manoj Kumar and U C Agrawal

    Crude Oil Prices Beyond the Obvious
    In contrast with oil hydrocarbons, which have been an object of wide and detailed eco-toxicological studies worldwide, natural gas and its components have been left outside the sphere of environmental analysis, control and regulation. At the same time, the input of natural gas and products of its combustion into the biosphere is one of the typical and global factors of anthropogenic impact. The article is based on "Environmental Impact of Offshore Oil and Gas Industry"...
    - Nazir Moulvi and Niteen Jain

    Natural Gas in Marine Environment
    In contrast with oil hydrocarbons, which have been an object of wide and detailed eco- toxicological studies worldwide, natural gas and its components have been left outside the sphere of environmental analysis, control and regulation. At the same time, the input of natural gas and products of its combustion into the biosphere is one of the typical and global factors of anthropogenic impact. The article is based on "Environmental Impact of Offshore Oil and Gas Industry"...
    - Stanislav Patin, Translation by Elena Cascio

    Defining Systems in Electrical and Process Domain
    "The most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that it is comprehensible" Albert Einstein We think of causes look for effects, in objects that are ours, not only mine. However, sometimes we have no option but to toss a coin!...
    - Mayank Mohan Pande


    Offshore Exploration Hurdles on the Ground
    As E&P activity is moving towards deeper waters, this will thrust the demand of Floating Production Storage and Off loading vessels (FPSO)...
    - Umesh Grover


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